2019-08-21

OFFERING SOMETHING/HELP

Menawarkan Sesuatu Dengan Bahasa Inggris Dilengkapi Dengan Vocabulary (Kosa Kata), Contoh Kalimat, Grammar, Dan 25 Contoh Latihan Soal Pilihan Ganda, 17 Uraian Tentang Offering Something - mediainggris.com


Menawarkan sesuatu pasti menjadi sesuatu hal yang sering kita lakukan apalagi jika kita bekerja di bidang jasa, atau menjadi seorang pelayan, resepsionis, sales, dan lain sebagainya.



Offering something/menawarkan sesuatu sering kita ucapkan dalam bahasa Indonesia, seperti:
1. Ada yang bisa saya bantu?
2. Mau minum/makan apa?
3. Apa kamu mau segelas air putih/..../...?
4. Dan lain-lain.

Tapi bagaimana cara mengungkapkannya dalam bahasa Inggris. Kita bahas saja langsung ya.






A. Ungkapan Menawarkan Sesuatu / Offering Something Expression.

1. May I help you? / Bolehkah saya membantumu?
2. Can I help you? / Bolehkah saya membantumu?
3. Do you need some help? / Apakah anda butuh bantuan?
4. Would you like some help? / Apakah anda mau bantuan?
5. What can I do for you? / Apa yang bisa saya bantu?
6. Would you like some ...? / Apakah anda mau ...?
    Contoh:
    Would you like some cookies? / Apakah anda mau kue/
7. Would you like me to get you ...? / Apakah anda mau saya ambilkan ...?
    Contoh:
    Would you like me to get you a drink? / Apakah anda mau saya ambilkan minuman?
8. Would you like something to ...? / Apakah anda mau sesuatu untuk ...?
    Contoh:
    Would you like something to eat? / Apakah anda mau sesuatu untuk dimakan?
9. Do you need anything? / Apakah anda butuh sesuatu/
10. May I offer you something to ...? / Bolehkah saya menawarkan sesuatu untuk ...?
      Contoh:
      May I offer you something to drink? / Bolehkah saya menawarkan sesuatu untuk diminum/
11. Do you want ...? / Apakah anda mau ...?
      Contoh:
      Do you want coffee or tea? / Apakah anda mau kopi atau teh?
12. Is there I can do for you? / Apa ada yang bisa saya lakukan untuk anda?

B. Respon Ditawarkan Sesuatu / Response Offering Something.

1. Yes, of course.  / Ya, tentu saja.
2. Yes, thank you. / Ya, terimakasih.
3. No, thanks. I'm OK. / Tidak, terimakasih. Saya baik-baik saja.
4. Thank you. / Terimakasih.
5. I'd love to. / Saya mau.
6. I'd love some. / Saya mau beberapa.
7. That would be nice, but I'm in hurry. / Itu akan sangat menyenangkan, tapi saya buru-buru.
8. Thank you. I'd (I would) like to have coffee. / Terimakasih. Saya mau kopi.

GRAMMAR SECTION

You're dan Your
Kedua kata di atas bila di ucapkan akan berbunyi sama. Tetapi arti dan penggunaannya sangat berbeda, berikut penjelasannya:

"You're" (singkatan dari You are) yang memiliki arti kamu adalah. sedangkan "Your" adalah kata ganti kepemilikan dari "you" yang berarti sesuatu milikmu/ ...mu, contoh "your car" artinya mobilmu. Berikut penjelasan lengkap penggunaan "You're" dan "Your":

a) You + are + Adjective (kata sifat)/Adverb (kata keterangan)/noun (kata benda)/verb (kata kerja)

  1. You are handsome. / Kamu ganteng.
  2. You are in the school. / Kamu di sekolah.
  3. You are not an animal. / Kamu bukan seekor hewan.
  4. You are cleaning the window. / Kamu membersihkan jendela.

b) Your +  noun + to be/verb + adj/ adv/ noun

  1. Your hair is beautiful. / Rambutmu cantik.
  2. Your child is in the hospital. / Anakmu ada di rumah sakit.
  3. Your bag is awesome. / Tasmu luar biasa. 
Untuk lebih banyak lagi tentang grammar yang bisa digunakan sehari-hari klik link berikut: 20 Aturan Sederhana Grammar






Contoh Percakapan Offering Something.

Contoh Percakapan Offering Something I

Waiter: Good morning, Sir… What can I do for you?
(Pelayan: Selamat pagi, Pak … Apa yang bisa saya lakukan untuk Anda?)

Guest: Wait for minutes, I would like to look at the list of the menu.
(Tamu: Tunggu sebentar, saya ingin melihat daftar menu.)

Waiter  : Ok, please.
(Pelayan: Ok, silakan.)

Guest    : Waiter…..
(Tamu: Pelayan …..)

Waiter: Yes, Sir. What kind of food or beverages do you want?
(Pelayan: Ya, Pak ..Jenis makanan atau minuman apa yang Anda inginkan?)

Guest: I would like French fries and orange juice.
(Tamu: Saya ingin memiliki kentang goreng dan jus jeruk.)

Waiter: French fries and orange juice. Don’t you want to try our exclusive of pizza?
(Pelayan: Kentang goreng dan jus jeruk. Apakah Anda tidak ingin mencoba pizza eksklusif kami?)

Guest    : What taste is it?
(Tamu: Apa rasanya?)

Waiter  : Cheese, beef and sweet corn.
(Pelayan: Keju, daging sapi dan jagung manis.)

Guest: I will try cheese, please
(Tamu: Tolong, saya ingin mencoba yang keju)

Waiter  : Ok, Sir. Wait for us. Thank you
(Pelayan: Ok, Pak. Tunggu kami. Terima kasih)


Contoh Percakapan Offering Something II

Handy: Hi Heni. 
(Hai Heni).

Heni: Hi Handy. 
(Hai Handy).

Handy: You look so busy Heni. What are you doing? 
(Kamu terlihat begitu sibuk Heni. Apa yang sedang kamu lakukan?).

Heni: Yeah, as you can see, Handy. I am moving the things from my bedroom. 
(Ya, seperti yang kamu lihat Handy. Aku sedang memindahkan benda-benda dari kamarku).

Handy: Oh, I see. Why are you moving all those things? 
(Oh begitu. Mengapa kamu memindahkan semua benda-benda itu?).

Heni : I’m going to move to another room because my little sister wants to have her own room now. 
(Aku akan pindah ke ruangan lain karena adikku ingin memiliki ruangannya sendiri sekarang).

Handy : Ghania is not a child anymore now, is she? She is growing fast. 
(Ghania bukanlah seorang anak kecil lagi, iyakan? Dia tumbuh dengan cepat).

Heni: Yeah, as you know. Actually I love this room, but that’s okay. I’d like to try another room. 
(Ya, sebagaimana yang kamu ketahui sendiri. Sesungguhnya aku menyukai ruangan ini, tapi tidak masalah. Aku ingin mencoba ruangan lainnya).

Handy: Yeah, as an older sister, you have to succumb to your little sister. 
(Ya, sebagai kakak yang lebih tua, kamu harus mengalah pada adikmu).

Heni: Yes Handy. So that’s why I move. I have moved all the small and light things. The rest are a bit heavy. 
(Ya Handy. Maka dari itu aku pindah. Aku telah memindahkan semua benda-benda yang kecil dan ringan. Sisanya sedikit berat).

Handy: Would you like some help Heni? I’m free. So maybe I can help you with those heavy things. 
(Apakah kamu memerlukan beberapa bantuan Heni? Aku sedang longgar. Jadi mungkin aku bisa menolongmu untuk benda-benda yang berat).

Heni : Oh, that’s very kind of you, Handy. Thanks. I need your help to move my desk.  
(Oh, kamu sangat ramah Handy. Terima kasih. Aku membutuhkan bantuannmu untuk memindahkan meja belajarku).

Handy : Alright, let’s do it then.
(Baiklah, ayo kita lakukan).

Heni : Okay Handy. 
(Oke Handy).




VOCABULARY SECTION
Kosa kata yang mungking bisa digunakan dalam percakapan offering something:

1) Offering = Menawarkan
2) Something =  Sesuatu
3) Help = Pertolongan / Bantuan
4) Need = Perlu /  Membutuhkan
5) Drink = Minum
6) Eat = Makan
7) Happy = Senang
8) Alright = Baiklah
9) Kind = Baik
10) Coffee = Kopi
11) Tea = Teh
12) Juice = Jus
13) List = Daftar
14) Menu = Menu
15) Waiter = Pelayan
16) Guest = Tamu
17) Beverages = Minuman
18) French Fries = Kentang Goreng
19) Taste = Rasa
20) Busy = Sibuk
21) Bedroom = Kamar
22)  Room = Ruangan
23)  Things = Benda
24) Move = Pindah
25) Another = yang lain
26) Little = Kecil
27) Heavy = Berat
28) Desk = Meja

SOAL LATIHAN OFFERING SOMETHING

I. Exercise: Answer the following questions!

Mr. Bean: Hello, Miss Smith. Would you like a cup of coffee? I'm just making some.
Miss Smith: Oh, yes please, that would be lovely.
Mr Bean : How do you take it?
Miss Smith: With milk and sugar, please.
Mr Bean: Here you are.
Miss Smith: Thank you.

1. The underlined expression expresses ...
A. Offering something
B. Offering help
C. Accepting an offer
D. Declining an offer


Dany: Good morning Jane, do you want an ice cream?
Jane: Oh, great! ______, I'd love one.
Dany: Chocolate or Strawberry?
Jane: Chocolate, please.

2. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. Yes, please
B. No Thanks
C. Don't bother
D. Never mind


Andy: Shall I carry your luggage to your apartment?
Boby: Yes, please!

3. The underlined word has similar meaning with ...
A. Borrow
B. Bring
C. Drop
D. Dodge


Indy: The box you brought looks very heavy. ________
Poetry: Sure. It’s very kind of you. Thanks.

4. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. Would you like me to help you?
B. Would I like to help me?
C. Would you like to help me?
D. Would you like to bring it for me?


Andry: Some of our friends will join the concert tomorrow. Would you like to go with me?
Sintra : _________ It will very interesting. I need to refresh my mind this time.

5. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. I’d love to but I don’t think I can come
B. I’m really sorry. I already have my own plan
C. Well, I’m not sure
D. What a great idea!


Jane: You look pale.
Jim: I've got a serious headache.
Jane:  ....................

6. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. Let me take you to the restaurant.
B. What about a glass of avocado juice?
C. Let me take you to the hospital.
D. Would you like fried or steamed chicken?


Tom: This question is so difficult to answer.
Jerry: ............................

7. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. Just don't answer it.
B. Let's stop studying and go playing.
C. Would you like a cup of coffee?
D. Let me help you work on it.


Mike: Oh my God, I left my book at home.
Dave: ...........................

8. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. Shall I take it for you?
B. Just forget it.
C. Let me take you to school.
D. I'll treat you chicken noodles.


Nick: Sir, I think I'm lost.
Jeremy: .............................

9. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. Let me help you carry your bag.
B. Can I help you? I know this place.
C. May I help you? I have a dog too.
D. Shall I clean your shoes?


Steve: I don't understand chemistry at all.
Banner: .................................

10. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. How about having dinner with me?
B. How about going to the beach?
C. How about studying together with me?
D. How about calling the police?


Natasha: I want to go shopping but I don't have any vehicle.
Wanda: .................................

11. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. Shall I take you to the hospital with my car?
B. Shall I take you to the school with my car?
C. Shall I take you to the market with my car?
D. Shall I take to the zoo with my car?


May: Ah, these books are so heavy.
Ethan: .................................

12. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. Let me help you to throw them away.
B. Let me help you with sorting them.
C. Let me help you to clean them.
D. Let me help you to carry them.


Sam: My car won't start.
Anna: ............................

13. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. May I help you? I know about car.
B. May I help you? I know about construction.
C. May I help you? I know about electricity.
D. May I help you? I know about bicycle.


Liz: I'm very thirsty.
Mary: ......................

14. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. Should I bring you a bottle of sauce?
B. Should I bring you a bowl of noodles?
C. Should I bring you a glass of orange juice?
D. Should I bring you a can of soup?


Upin: I have a lot of things to do. I'm confused about which one to do first.
Ipin: ..............................

15. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. What can I do for you?
B. Where should we go?
C. When can you do that?
D. How are you?


John: Hello, Jean. Where have you been?
Jean: Hi, John. I just bought a few kilograms of apples in the market.
John: Do you need some help to carry the apples?
Jean: _______

16. The suitable respond to complete the dialogue is ….
A. I don’t know
B. Why?
C. Of course, that’s very kind of you
D. I will help you


Ronald: You look so busy. _______
Marry: No, thank you. I can handle them.

17. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is ….
A. I will leave you alone
B. Would you like some help?
C. Do you want to help me?
D. Sure, I would like to


Andy: I heard there will be a concert tonight. Would you like to go with me?
Sam: I’m afraid I cannot.
Andy: Why? I think you really love the band.
Sam: Yes, I do. But I have many works at home.
Andy: Let me help you, then.
Sam: ___________
Andy: Never mind. That’s what a friend should do.

18. What should Sam say?
A. I really appreciate your help
B. I don’t need your help
C. I am fine, thank you
D. I will go, too


Complete the dialogue below (question 19 and 20)
Judy: Good morning, Sir. Do you have a science book about animal anatomy?
Shopkeeper: Of course, dear. We have a book that you want. ______ (19) to show the shelf?
Judy: I am fine, Sir. I can find by myself. I have other books to find, too.
Shopkeeper: ________(20). Take your time.
Judy: Thank you, Sir.

19. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …..
A. I would like
B. Can you
C. Do not go
D. Would you like me

20. What should the shopkeeper say?
A. I am busy
B. Sorry
C. Thank you
D. That’s okay


Romy: Sir, would you like me to close the window for you?
Mr. Arthur: Yes, please. It’s very cold inside.

21. The underlined sentence express:
A. Asking help
B. Offering help
C. Refusing something
D. Accepting an offer


Ela: Mom, do you need some help? You look so busy this morning.
Mom: Of course, dear.
I need another pair of hands to wash the dish.

22. The underlined sentence expresses ….
A. Accepting help
B. Offering help
C. Refusing help
D. Looking for something


Bob: Sony, will you join me to build a birdhouse?
Sony: Sure, _______. I am really excited.

23. Complete the dialogue above with right expression ….
A. I don’t want to.
B. I am busy today
C. I will
D. I will not


A: Do you need any help. Ma’am?
B: Yes, please. I can’t find my glasses.

24. The underlined words express …
A. Preference
B. Accept help and assistance
C. Accept apology
D. Offer help and assistance


Marta: It’s very hot here……
Sinta: Sure. No problem

25. The suitable expression to complete the dialogue is …
A. Could you close the door?
B. Would you mind if I turn on the fan?
C. Would you turn off the fan?
D. May I leave now?



II. Read carefully and answer the questions
Ara: Good afternoon Mrs.Tina.
Mrs. Tina: Good afternoon Ara. What are you doing?
Ara: I’m looking for a book. Could you do a favor for me
Mrs. Tina: What is it?
Ara: I need a book about science. Would you mind showing me it?
Mrs. Tina: No, of course not. Can you look for it on the shelf over there?
Ara: Umm… I have searched for it but I haven’t found it. Would you please look for it
together?
Mrs. Tina: I have two books of science. Both of them are “My body science” and “A philosopher looks al science”. Do you like both of them?
Ara: Really? Can you lend me the second one, please?
Mrs. Tina: I’ll lend you if you give it back soon.
Ara: Certainly. I’ll return it immediately. Thank you.
Mrs. Tina: You’re welcome.

Questions:
1. Where does the conversation take place?
2. What is Ara looking for?
3. How many books does Mrs. Tina have?
4. Which book does Ara borrow?
5. “I have searched it…..” What does the underlined word mean?
6. “Would you mind showing me it?” What does the underlined word refer to?

III. Read carefully and answer the questions
Rahma: Excuse me, Ma’am.
Teacher: Yes, Rahma. What’s up?
Rahma: Ma’am. I’m a little bit confused with question number three. Would you be kind
enough to explain to me more about it?
Teacher: Let’s ask the others first
Rahma: O.K.
Teacher: Listen, class. Rahma has a problem with question number three. Can any of you
help Rahma? What about you Gilang?
Gilang: I’m really sorry Ma’am. I can’t. Finally, I don’t understand it either.
Teacher: Do you? Well,…it seems to be everybody’s problem. All right then, I’ll explain
it once again. But first, Yandar, will you clean the blackboard?
Yandar: Yes, Ma’am.
Teacher: Thank you.

Question :
1. Where do you think the dialog take place?
2. What is Rahma’s problem?
3. Can Gilang help Rahma solve her problem? How do you know?
4. What is the teacher asked to Yandar?
5. Rahma said, “Would you be kind enough to explain to me more about it ?” What does the word “you” refer to?

IV. You want someone to do something for you. Say it politely. Number 1 is an example.
1. Turn up the fan.
Answer : Could you turn up the fan, please?
2. Turn on the computer
Answer : …………………………………………………….
3. Turn off the television
Answer : …………………………………………………….
4. Switch off the cell phone
Answer : …………………………………………………….
5. Switch on the computer
Answer : …………………………………………………….
6. Speak loudly
Answer : …………………………………………………….


JAWABAN

BAG I
1.   C              11. C             21. B
2.   A              12. D             22. A
3.   B              13. A             23. C
4.   A              14. C             24. D
5.   D              15. A             25. C
6.   C              16. C
7.   D              17. B
8.   A              18. A
9.   B              19. D
10. C              20. D

BAG II
1. The conversation took place in a library.
2. Ara is looking for a science book.
3. Mrs. Tina has two science books.
4. Ara borrows philosophes look al science.
5. The word "Searched" means to look somewhere carefully in order to find something or an attempt to find someone or something.
6. The word "it" refers to the science book.

BAG III
1. The dialogue took place in a class at school.
2. Rahma has problem with question number three.
3. No, he can't. Because he told that he doesn't understand it too.
4. The teacher asked Yandar to clean the blackboard.
5. The word "you" in the sentence: "Would you be kind enough to explain to me more about it?" refers to "The teacher"

BAG IV
2. Could you turn on the computer?
3. Could you turn off the television?
4. Can you switch off the cell phone?
5. Could you switch on the computer?
6. Would you speak loudly?
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