Ringkasan Materi Report Text SMP Lengkap Dengan Contoh Soal, Jawaban, dan Pembahasan
Pengertian Report Text
Report text adalah teks yang mempunyai fungsi sosial untuk mendeskripsikan sesuatu yang umum. Teks report hampir mirip dengan teks descriptive. Bedanya terletak pada deskripsi umum dan khusus. Teks report menjelaskan / mengulas sesuatu secara lebih umum.
Tujuan Report Text
Tujuan dari teks report adalah untuk menyampaikan informasi (to present information about a person, thing or place) atau to classify and/or describe using facts about the subject's parts, behavior, and qualities.
Generic Structure Report Text
Generic structure/susunan teks:
1. General classification: pengantar tentang sesuatu yang akan dibahas.
2. Description: menerangkan sesuatu yang dibahas.
Contoh Soal Report Text Dengan Jawaban dan Pembahasan
The following text is for questions 1 and 2.
Grasshoppers belong to insects. They are typically ground-dwelling insects with powerful hind legs which enable them to escape from threats by leaping vigorously. At high population densities and under certain environmental conditions, some grasshoppers species can change colour and behaviour and form swarms. Under these circumstances they are known as locusts.
Grasshoppers are plant-eaters, sometimes becoming serious pets of cereals, vegetables and pasture, especially when they swarm in their millions as locusts and destroy crops over wide areas. They protect themselves from predators by camouflage; when detected, many species attempt to startle the predator with a brilliantly-coloured wing-flash while jumping and (if adult) launching themselves into the air, usually flying for only a short distance. Other species such as the rainbow grasshoppers have warning coloration which deters predators. Grasshoppers are affected by parasites and various diseases, and many predatory creatures feed on both nymphs and adults. The eggs are the subject of attack by parasitoids and predators.
1. Why are grasshoppers sometimes becoming serious pests? Because they...
A. Can change colour and behaviour and form swarms.
B. Are affected by parasites and various diseases.
C. Are referred to as short-horned grasshoppers.
D. Can destroy crops over wide areas.
2. "They protect themselves from predators"
The underlined word is closest in meaning to ....
This text is for question 3 to 5.
Penguins are torpedo-shaped, flightless birds that lives in the southern regions of the earth. Though many people imagine a small, black-and- white animal when they think of penguins, these birds actually come in a variety of sizes, and some are very colorful.
For example, crested penguins spot a crown of yellow feathers. Blushes of orange and yellow mark the necks of emperor and king penguins. What look like bright yellow, bushy eyebrows adorn the heads of some species, such as the Foirdland, Royal, Snares, and rock hopper penguins. The macaroni penguin's name comes from the crest of yellow feathers on its head, which looks like the 18,h-century hats of the same name. A light yellow mask covers the face of the yellow-eyed penguin around the eyes.
3. What is the purpose of the text above?
A. To describe about a penguin.
B. To tell readers how penguins live.
C. To inform the readers the kinds of penguins.
D. To tell facts about penguins.
4. Paragraph 2 describe penguins in terms of its...
5. "Penguins are torpedo-shaped, flightless birds that live in the southern regions of the earth."
What can we infer from the sentence?
A. Penguins have strong body.
B. Penguins cannot fly.
C. Penguins live on the ocean.
D. Penguins live the north pole.
The following text is for question 6 to 9.
Hurricanes are giant, spiralling tropical storms that can pack wind speeds of over 160 miles (257 kilometres) an hour and unleash more than 2.4 trillion gallons (9 trillion litres) of rain a day.
Hurricanes begin as tropical disturbances in warm ocean waters with surface temperatures of least 80 degrees Fahrenheit (26.5 degrees Celsius). These low pressure systems are fed by energy from the warm seas. If a storm achieves wind of 38 miles (61 kilometres) an hour, it becomes known as tropical depression. A tropical depression becomes a tropical storm, when its sustained wind speeds top 39 miles (63 kilometres) an hour. When a storm's sustained wind speeds reach 74 miles (119 kilometres) an hour, it becomes a hurricane and earns a category rating of 1 to 5 on the Saffir-Simpson.
6. What is the topic of the text?
A. Tropical disturbances in warm ocean.
B. The wind speeds of the giant storms.
C. Tropical storms known as cyclones.
D. Giant tropical storms, hurricanes.
7. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
A. Tropical depression is caused by wind speeds of 38 miles.
B. The low pressure system are fed by energy from warm seas.
C. The wind speeds can charge a hurricane into a tropical storm.
D. The surface temperature and wind speeds can cause a hurricane.
8. If a storm achieves wind speeds of 74 miles an hour, it becomes a ...
B. tropical storm
C. tropical depression
D. Low pressure system
9. A tropical storm happens when storm's wind speeds reach...miles an hour.
Mungkin Anda Tertarik
Text for questions 10-12.
Undoubtedly, one of the quirkiest sights in nature is the gangly retreat of an Australian frilled lizards, or "frillnecks," are members of the dragon family that live in the tropical and warm temperate forests and savana woodlands of Northern Australia.
When this unique creature feels threathened, it rises on its hind legs, opens its yellow-colored mouth, unfurls the colorful, pleated skin flap that encircles its head, and hisses. If an attacker is unintimidated by these antics, the lizard simply turns tail, mouth and frill opan, and bolts, legs splaying left and right. It continues its deliberate run without stopping or looking back until it reaches the safety of a tree.
They spend most of their loves in the trees, but descend occasionally to feed on ants and small lizards. Other menu items include spiders, cicadas, termites, and small mammals.
Females lay 8-23 tiny eggs in an underground; nest, and hatching emerge fully independent and capable of hunting and utilizing their frill. There is no certain argument to report the frilled lizard's life naturally. Their lifespan in the wild is unknown, but speciments in captivity have lived 20 years.
10. What will the frilled lizard do when the enemy is unintimidate by his antics?
A. It will hiss to frighthen the enemy.
B. It will pleat skin head that encircle its head.
C. It will run without stopping or looking back until he feels safe.
D. It will attack the enemy directly by opening his mouth to scare it.
11. "Their lifespan in the wild is unknown,..." (par 4)
The underlined word refers to...
A. the female lizard
B. the frilled lizard
C. the lizard's eggs
D. the male lizard
12. The text above tell us about....
A. the quickiest sight
B. the dragon family
C. the unique creature
D. the Australian frilled lizard
The following text is for questions 13 to 16
The Shard is an 87-storey skyscraper, which sits in the heart of London. It is known as the shard of glass. Construction began in 2009 and was completed three years later in 2012, making it Western Europe's tallest building.
Designed by architect Renzo Piano, the Shard is the second tallest free standing structure in the UK. Its exterior boasts 11,000 glass panels - that's equivalent in area to eight football pitches or two-and-a-half Trafalgar Squares.
The building was developed to have multiple uses, describes on the website as a 'vertical city where people can live, work, and relax'. This motto was clearly taken on board that was found on the 72nd floor towards the end of construction.
13. What is the text about?
A. The architect Renzo Piano
B. The Shard glass panels
C. The Shard, building in London
D. The tallest building in London
14. In Europe, the Shard gains popularity on its ...
15. What probably makes people interested to stay in The Shard?
A. It has multiple uses.
B. It is the tallest building in UK.
C. It was built by famous architect.
D. It is located in the heart of London.
16. "..., making it Western European's tallest building."
What does the underlined word refer to?
A. The Shard
B. The glass
The following text is for questions 17 and 18.
Trees and plants are also living beings. They need food, water and air for survival. It is interesting to know how they take their food.
Plants get their food both from the earth and the air. If you look at their roots they are like fine fibers. We call them root hairs. They absorb water and minerals then transport them upwards to the leaves through the trunk and the branches.
Chlorophyll in the leaves prepare the food like a machine. It converts the carbon dioxide taken from the air and water from the ground into sugar with the help of sunlight. This chemical reaction is called photosynthesis.
Sugar is further converted into starch and is stored in the plant. The minerals are converted by chemical processes into protein juice, oil, and other edible materials. The plants use these materials as their food for growth.
17. What is the job of root-hairs?
A. To prepare the food.
B. To absorb food from the air.
C. To absorb water from the soil.
D. To get food from the earth and the air.
18. Sugar is further converted in to starch and is stored in the plant." (Paragraph 4)
The underlined word is closest in meaning to...
Read the text below to answer question number 19 and 20.
Tiwah is a typical funeral ceremony of Dayak tribe in Central Kalimantan. The ceremony is also known as the biggest sacred ceremony. It,s intended to deliver the soul or spirit of a dead man or also known as Salumpuk Liau toward heaven as his final resting place (Lewu Lian). It is also to discharge misfortunes for the family left behind and to untie the status of widow or widower of the wife or husband. According to Kaharingan, a traditional belief of Dayak tribe, the spirit of the deceased will remain on earth and will not get in heaven (Lewu Lian) without going through Tiwah Ceremony.
Tiwah ceremony requires substantial fund to provide the offerings in the form of animals, such as cows, buffaloes, pigs, and chickens. The beheading tradition for the Tiwah ceremony stopped in 1894, and was replaced by a cow's or a buffalo's head. Even so, the symbol of human head remains in the ceremony in the form of coconut.
For Dayak people, Tiwah ceremony should be performed to show honour to their ancestors despite the great need of funds. Because of the high expenses, people often hold the ceremony together with other people whose family members have also died.They cooperate in terms of the finance and the implementation of the ceremony.
19. What is the main idea of paragraph two?
20. Why is the ceremony still held until the present time?
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