Conditional Sentence Type 0 – Materi Bahasa Inggris SMK

Zero conditional atau conditional sentence type 0 adalah conditional clause yang digunakan ketika result/consequence (hasil) dari condition (syarat) selalu terwujud karena merupakan scientific fact (fakta ilmiah) atau general truth (kebenaran umum) yang merupakan habitual activity (kebiasaan). Condition berada di dalam subordinate clause dengan subordinate conjunction “if” atau “when”, sedangkan result/consequence berada di dalam main clause.

Rumus Zero Conditional

Bagian conditional clause (if + condition) dan main clause (result) sama-sama menggunakan simple present tense (verb-1).
subordinate clause (if + condition)
main clause (result/consequence)

if/when + simple present

simple present
If-clause dapat menempati awal atau tengah kalimat. Ketika if-clause menempati awal kalimat, koma ditempatkan sebelum main clause.

Contoh Kalimat Zero Conditional dan Artinya

·         If I sleep late, I am sleepy at work. habitual activity. (Jika saya tidur terlambat, saya mengantuk di tempat kerja.)

·         If you dry fruits or vegetables, they lose their nutrient and calorie. (Jika kamu mengeringkan buah atau sayuran, mereka kehilangan nutrisi dan kalori.)

·         If one doesn’t drink after doing exercise, one gets dehydrated. (Jika orang tidak minum setelah berlatih, orang bakal dehidrasi.)

·         If we burn paper, does it become ash? (Jika kita membakar kertas, itu menjadi debu?)

Importance of Type 0 Conditionals in English Grammar

The zero conditionals are applied to generate the truths. For instance, we have observed nature and have seen the plants grow. Now just imagine what would happen if they do not get enough sunlight? This situation gives rise to conditional sentences.

But sometimes, you might be wondering to generalize it and not impose some sort of conditions. Yes, such conditionals are possible and they are called Zero Conditionals.

Examples of Type Zero Conditional Sentences

Note: You will see in the example that, you do not need to use a comma to separate two different parts of the sentence.

1.      If people eat too much, they get fat.

2.      If you touch a fire, you get burned.

3.      People die if they don’t eat.

4.      You get water if you mix hydrogen and oxygen.

5.      Snakes bite if they are scared

6.      If babies are hungry, they cry.

7.      If you heat ice, it melts.

8.      Ice melts if you heat it.

9.      When you heat ice, it melts.

10.  Ice melts when you heat it.

11.  If it rains, the grass gets wet.

12.  The grass gets wet if it rains.

13.  When it rains, the grass gets wet.

14.  The grass gets wet when it rains.

15.  If you freeze water, it becomes solid.

16.  Plants die if they don’t get enough water.

17.  If my husband has a cold, I usually catch it.

18.  If public transport is efficient, people stop using their cars.

19.  If you mix red and blue, you get purple.

20.  If Bill phones, tell him to meet me at the cinema.

21.  Ask Pete if you’re not sure what to do.

22.  If you want to come, call me before 5:00.

23.  Meet me here if we get separated.

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