2020-07-02

Conditional Sentences – Type 2

Function

Type 2 conditional sentences refers to conditions that are not likely to occur or presuppositions and possible result. These sentences are not based on real situations. In conditional type 2 sentences, the time is in present or at any time and the situation is not tangible or supposing.

 

Examples;

·         If the weather wasn’t so bad, we would go to the park.

·         If I was the Queen of England, I would give everyone a chicken.

·         If you really loved me, you would buy me a diamond ring.

 

Here is the form of the second conditional sentence:

 

If + simple past (if clause), Present Conditional or Present Continuous Conditional (main clause/result)

 

As in other conditional sentences the order of the clause aren’t fixed. You may adjust the pronoun and the punctuation when you change the order of the clause, but the meaning is still same.

 

Examples;

·         If it rained, you would get wet. > You would get wet, if it rained.

·         If you went to bed earlier, you wouldn’t be so tired. > You wouldn’t be so tired if you went to bed earlier.

·         If she fell, she would hurt herself. > She would hurt if she fell.

 

Positive Conditional Sentences Form – Type 2

If + simple past, would/could/might + bare infinitive

Example:

If it rained tomorrow, She would sleep all day.

Negative Conditional Sentences Form – Type 2

If + simple past, would/could/might + not + bare infinitive

Example:

If it rained tomorrow, She wouldn’t sleep all day.

Interogative Conditional Sentences Form – Type 2

If + simple past, would/could/might + S + bare infinitive

Example:

If it rained tomorrow, would she sleep all day?

“were” instead of “was”

In IF Clause type 2, we usually use “were” even if the pronoun is I, he, she, or it.

 

Examples;

·         If I were taller, I would buy this dress.

·         If I were 20, I would travel the world.

·         If I were you, I would give up smoking.

·         If she were a plant, I would love the rain.

 

You can use modal in main clause to state the degree of certainty, permission, or recommendation regarding the outcome or final result.

 

Examples;

·         We might buy a larger house if we had money.

·         He could go to the concert if you gave him your ticket.

·         If he called me, I couldn’t hear.

 

Conditional Sentences Contents:

1.      Conditional Sentences Type 1

2.      Conditional Sentences Type 2


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