2020-10-26

Report Text – Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9 SMP

Kinds of Text – Report Text

Definition of Report Text

Generic Structure Of Report Text

Language Features Of Report Text

Contoh Report Text

Contoh Soal Report Text

 

Definition Of Recount Text

A report text is used to give facts clearly about a topic without unnecessary information or opinion.

Report text adalah teks laporan yang digunakan untuk memberikan fakta secara jelas tentang suatu topik tanpa informasi atau opini yang tidak perlu.

Generic Structure Of Report Text

A report text usually consists of three main sturctures.

Title

The title usually tells the readers about the topic of the report.

Judul berfungsi memberi tahu pembaca tentang report apa yang sedang diinformasikan.

General Classification

This part gives information or the definition about the subject of the report. A report begins with a general statement. It tells the readers what the report is going to be about.

Bagian yang memberikan informasi atau definisi tentang subjek dari report reks. Sebuah report teks diawali dengan pernyataan umum yang menginformasikan pembaca tentang apa yang sedang disajikan dalam teks.

Description

This part gives important facts or features (parts, qualities, habits/behaviours) about the subject.

Bagian memberikan fakta atau ciri-ciri tentang subjek report.

Catatan:

·        A report may have subheadings which tell the readers what each paragraph or group of paragraphs is about. Dalam sebuah report teks terakadang ada subjudul yang memberitahukan para pembaca tentang apa setiap paragrafnya atau setiap subkelompoknya.

·        Photographs and diagrams can make the report understandable and interesting.  Gambar dan diagram bisa membuat sebuah report teks (teks laporan) lebih dimengerti dan menarik.

·        Captions help readers to relate photographs and diagrams to the text. Caption (judul yang berada dibawah gambar) membantu pembaca untuk menghubungkan gambar dan diagram ke dalam teks.

Contoh Generic Structure Of Report Text

Tittle

Trains

General Classification

A train is made up of railroad cars, hooked together and pulled by a locomotive. Locomotives are sometimes called engines. The types of locomotive engines most used today are diesel-electric. Engines that burn diesel fuel drive generators that make electricity. Powerful electric motors turn the wheels of a diesel-electric locomotive. There are two types of train, freight and passenger trains.

Description

A freight train can have as many as 200 cars hooked together. There are special railroad cars for different kinds of freight. The boxcar has four sides, a floor and a roof. It carries radios, television sets and boxes of cereal. Refrigerator cars work like your home refrigerator. They are boxcars that are cool inside. Refrigerator cars carry meat, fruit, frozen dinners and other food that must be kept cold. The hopper car is open on the top. Hopper cars carry coal, sand, gravel, and ore (rocks that contain metals). A flatcar has no top or sides. It has a floor on wheels. Flat cars carry lumber, steel beams, huge pieces of machinery, and other big items. Lifting machines called cranes load cargo onto flat cars. Special flatcars carry cars, boats, and trucks.

Passenger trains have seats in rows along each side. They are made for long trips. They have seats that can be made into beds at night. Trains that carry passengers over long distances have special baggage cars to carry suitcases. They have dining cars where people can sit down and eat.

 

Language Feature of Report Text

·        Present tense (if the subject is still present)

·        Past tense (if the subject is extinct, e.g. dinosaurs, dodo)

·        Passive voice

Contoh Report Text

Contoh Report Text Singkat Dengan Terjemahannya.

Robots

The word robot comes from the Czech word Robota which means labour or work. A robot is known as a machine that does the work of a human being.

Robots are usually used to do repetitive work which requires high precision. For instance, robots are used to produce cars. Later, robots may also perform surgical operations on humans. A computer could direct the procedure with excellent precision. Meanwhile, human surgeons could control the progress by monitoring the operation on a large video screen.

Soon, robots may also do household chores, such as sweeping and mopping. Robots may also be designed to do dangerous jobs like cleaning the site of a nuclear accident.

Terjemahannya:

Robot

Kata robot berasal dari bahasa Czech kata Robota yang artinya tenaga kerja atau kerja. Robot dikenal sebagai mesin yang melakukan pekerjaan manusia.

Robot biasanya digunakan untuk melakukan pekerjaan berulang yang membutuhkan ketelitian tinggi. Misalnya, robot digunakan untuk memproduksi mobil. Nantinya, robot juga dapat melakukan operasi pembedahan pada manusia. Komputer dapat mengarahkan prosedur dengan presisi yang sangat baik. Sementara itu, ahli bedah manusia dapat mengontrol kemajuan dengan memantau operasi di layar video besar.

Segera, robot juga dapat melakukan pekerjaan rumah tangga, seperti menyapu dan mengepel. Robot juga dapat dirancang untuk melakukan pekerjaan berbahaya seperti membersihkan lokasi kecelakaan nuklir.

Contoh Report Text Tentang Hewan dan Terjemahannya

Grasshopper

Grasshoppers are insects. People also call them short-horned grasshopper because they do not have any nose. We can find about 10,000 different species in many different parts of the world.

Like most insects, they lay eggs. Once the eggs hatch, they change into nymphs. They look like little adults, but don't have any wings and reproductive organs. The outer layer of their body will get harder when they grow older. Grasshoppers' colours are mostly green, brown, or olive-green.

A grasshopper's body is covered by a hard exoskeleton. It consists of the head, thorax, and abdomen. Grasshoppers have a series of holes located along the side of the body. They are called spiracles. Spiracles help grasshoppers to breathe.

Grasshoppers are able to hop, walk, and fly. They hop with their long hind legs. They use their short front legs to grasp their prey and to walk. When grasshoppers rub their back legs together, they will make noise.

Grasshoppers eat plants. In the ecosystem, their predators include birds, insects, and reptiles. Grasshoppers' eggs are also eaten by some flies.

Terjemahannya:

Belalang

Belalang adalah serangga. Orang juga menyebut mereka belalang tanduk pendek karena tidak memiliki hidung. Kita dapat menemukan sekitar 10.000 spesies berbeda di berbagai belahan dunia.

Seperti kebanyakan serangga, mereka bertelur. Setelah telur menetas, mereka berubah menjadi nimfa. Mereka terlihat seperti orang dewasa kecil, tetapi tidak memiliki sayap dan organ reproduksi. Lapisan luar tubuh mereka akan semakin keras saat mereka bertambah tua. Warna belalang kebanyakan hijau, coklat, atau hijau zaitun.

Tubuh belalang ditutupi oleh kerangka luar yang keras. Terdiri dari kepala, dada, dan perut. Belalang memiliki sederet lubang yang terletak di sepanjang sisi tubuh. Mereka disebut spirakel. Spirakel membantu belalang bernafas.

Belalang bisa melompat, berjalan, dan terbang. Mereka melompat dengan kaki belakangnya yang panjang. Mereka menggunakan kaki depan yang pendek untuk menangkap mangsanya dan berjalan. Saat belalang menggosok kaki belakangnya, mereka akan membuat suara.

Belalang memakan tumbuhan. Dalam ekosistem, predatornya termasuk burung, serangga, dan reptil. Telur belalang juga dimakan oleh beberapa lalat.

Contoh Report Text Tentang Tempat

Landmark

Landmark is a recognizable natural or artificial feature used for navigation. This feature usually stands out from its near environment and is often visible from long distances. In modern use, the term “landmark” can also be applied to smaller structures or features becoming local or national symbols.

Landmarks are usually classified into both natural landmarks and man-made landmarks. Natural landmarks can be characteristic features, such as mountains or plateaus. Examples of natural landmarks are Table Mountain in South Africa, Uluru in Australia, and Mount Fuji in Japan. Trees might also serve as local landmarks. Some landmark trees may be nicknamed, examples being Queen’s Oak, Hanging Oak or Centennial Tree.

In modern sense, landmarks are usually referred to monuments or distinctive buildings, used as the symbol of a certain area such as the Statue of Liberty in New York City, Eiffel tower in Paris, Big Ben in London, etc.

Church spires and mosque’s minarets are often very tall and visible from many miles around. Thus, these various buildings often serve as man-made landmarks.

Terjemahannya:

Landmark

Landmark adalah fitur alami atau buatan yang dapat dikenali yang digunakan untuk navigasi. Fitur ini biasanya menonjol dari lingkungan dekatnya dan sering terlihat dari jarak jauh. Dalam penggunaan modern, istilah "tengara" juga dapat diterapkan pada bangunan atau fitur yang lebih kecil yang menjadi simbol lokal atau nasional.

Landmark biasanya diklasifikasikan menjadi landmark alam dan landmark buatan manusia. Landmark alam dapat berupa ciri khas, seperti pegunungan atau dataran tinggi. Contoh landmark alam adalah Gunung Meja di Afrika Selatan, Uluru di Australia, dan Gunung Fuji di Jepang. Pohon mungkin juga berfungsi sebagai landmark lokal. Beberapa pohon tengara dapat diberi julukan, contohnya adalah Queen's Oak, Hanging Oak atau Centennial Tree.

Dalam pengertian modern, landmark biasanya disebut monumen atau bangunan khas, digunakan sebagai lambang suatu daerah tertentu seperti Patung Liberty di New York City, menara Eiffel di Paris, Big Ben di London, dll.

Menara gereja dan menara masjid seringkali sangat tinggi dan terlihat dari jarak bermil-mil. Karenanya, berbagai bangunan ini sering dijadikan landmark buatan manusia.

Contoh Report Text Tentang Hewan (about panda)

Panda or also known as “Giant Panda” or “Panda Bear” is a species of bear originated from Central China. The most distinguishable things from them are the black and white patterns of the body and alo the black fur encircling their eyes. They consume bamboo as their main diet but they also eat other grasses, wild tubers, birds, rodents, honey, eggs, fish, oranges and banana occassionally.

Panda have two legs and two hands. Although they can stand on two feet, but most of the time they are just like any other bears who walked on both hands and legs. They have five fingers and a thumb on their paws. The thumb is a modified bone that help them to hold bamboo while eating. The fur around their belly is white while the fur around their chest, hands, legs and ears are black.

An adult panda can reach the size of 1,2 to 1,9 m long from nose to tail. The tail is about 10 to 15 cm long. The body height of an adult panda can reach 60 to 90 cm and their body weight can reach 160 kg. They can live up to 20 years in the wild and about 30 years in captivity. They are a solitary animal who has a defined territory. They communicate to each other by making sound and through scent marking.

Terjemahannya:

Panda atau yang juga dikenal dengan sebutan “Panda Raksasa” atau “Beruang Panda” adalah salah satu jenis beruang yang berasal dari Tiongkok Tengah. Hal yang paling membedakan dari mereka adalah pola hitam dan putih pada tubuh dan hanya bulu hitam yang melingkari mata mereka. Mereka mengkonsumsi bambu sebagai makanan utama mereka tetapi mereka juga makan rumput lain, umbi-umbian liar, burung, tikus, madu, telur, ikan, jeruk dan pisang sesekali.

Panda memiliki dua kaki dan dua tangan. Meskipun mereka dapat berdiri dengan dua kaki, tetapi sebagian besar waktu mereka sama seperti beruang lainnya yang berjalan dengan kedua tangan dan kaki. Mereka memiliki lima jari dan satu ibu jari di kaki mereka. Ibu jari adalah tulang modifikasi yang membantu mereka memegang bambu saat makan. Bulu di sekitar perut mereka berwarna putih sedangkan bulu di sekitar dada, tangan, kaki dan telinga berwarna hitam.

Seekor panda dewasa bisa mencapai ukuran 1,2 hingga 1,9 m dari hidung hingga ekor. Ekornya panjangnya sekitar 10 sampai 15 cm. Tinggi badan panda dewasa bisa mencapai 60 hingga 90 cm dan berat badannya bisa mencapai 160 kg. Mereka dapat hidup hingga 20 tahun di alam liar dan sekitar 30 tahun di penangkaran. Mereka adalah hewan soliter yang memiliki wilayah tertentu. Mereka berkomunikasi satu sama lain dengan membuat suara dan melalui penandaan aroma.

Contoh Soal Report Text Kelas 9 SMP – Report Text Multiple Choice

Choose the correct answer.

The following text is for questions 1 to 7.

The shark, who plays an important role in maintaining ecosystems, is a fish that lives in the sea, particularly in warm waters. Like all fish, sharks breathe through their gills.

There are about 375 species of sharks. The smallest shark is called the dwarf dogfish, less than 20 centimetres long. The huge whale shark can be more than 15 metres long. Sharks usually eat fish and shellfish, but great white sharks sometimes eat seals, dolphins, whales, and other marine mammals.

Sharks are vertebrates, animals with a backbone. However, a shark's skeleton is not made of bone. It is made of a bendable material called cartilage. A shark's teeth are set into its gums. While eating, a shark often loses teeth. But, there are always rows of new teeth growing behind the first set. As a shark loses teeth, new ones move forward to replace them.

1.      What is the smallest species of sharks?

A.     Great White shark.

B.     Dwarf dogfish.

C.     Whale shark.

D.     Bull shark.

2.      Where do sharks live?

A.     In shallow water.

B.     In warm water.

C.     In cold water.

D.     In hot water.

3.      What is paragraph 3 about?

A.     The differences and similarities of sharks and fish.

B.     The physical description of sharks.

C.     The habitat of sharks.

D.     The blood of sharks.

4.      What happens when a shark loses its tooth?

A.     A new tooth will replace it.

B.     The shark will have no tooth.

C.     There will be a hole in the tooth.

D.     The shark will not be able to eat.

5.      What do sharks eat?

A.     Fish, human beings, shellfish, and whales.

B.     Fish, vegetables, shellfish, and planktons.

C.     Fish, shellfish, plankton, and other sharks.

D.     Fish, shellfish, seals, dolphins, and whales.

6.      How do sharks breathe?

A.     Through their skin.

B.     Through their gills.

C.     Through their lungs.

D.     Through the hole on their head.

7.      ". . . an important role in maintaining ecosystems . . . ." (Paragraph 1) The underlined word means . . . .

A.     all human beings living in a small area

B.     all the plants and living creatures in the world

C.     all human beings, plants, and animals in the world

D.     all the plants and living creatures in a particular area

The following text is for questions 8 to 12.

Eucalyptus Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus globulus) is a tall evergreen tree native to Australia and Tasmania. The leaves and oil of the eucalyptus plant are used for medicinal purposes. Eucalyptus oil consists of volatile oil extracted from fresh leaves and branch tops of the eucalyptus plant. Topical ointments which contain eucalyptus oil have been used in traditional Aboriginal medicines to heal wounds and fungal infections.

There are many species of eucalyptus. Some are the size of an ornamental shrub and some grow to be giant trees. The type of eucalyptus that is most often used medicinally is called blue gum or Australian fever tree. It can grow as high as 230 feet. Its 4-12 inch leaves are dark green and shiny. Its blue-gray bark peels to reveal a cream-coloured inner bark.

Teas containing eucalyptus leaves were also used to reduce fevers. The therapeutic uses of eucalyptus soon spread to other traditional medicine systems, including Chinese, Indian and Greco-European.

8.      Where is Eucalyptus originally from?

A.     Asia.

B.     Africa.

C.     America.

D.     Australia.

9.      What kind of eucalyptus is used for medicine?

A.     Ornamental shrub.

B.     Giant trees.

C.     Blue gum.

D.     Red fever.

10. ". . . the volatile oil extracted . . . ." (Paragraph 1) The underlined word means . . . .

A.     substance that changes quickly

B.     expensive and valuable plant

C.     plants used for medicine

D.     liquid substance

11. Which tribe used teas containing eucalyptus leaves?

A.     Aborigine.

B.     Mohican.

C.     African.

D.     Inca.

12. What is paragraph 2 about?

A.     Kinds of eucalyptus.

B.     The size of eucalyptus.

C.     The height of eucalyptus.

D.     How to take care of eucalyptus.

The following text is for questions 13 to 19.

Hotels

A hotel is a commercial place that provides lodging, food and other services to people. There are three kinds of hotels according to location, facilities, services offered and clientele served. They are transient hotel, resort hotel and residential hotel.

Transient Hotel

A transient hotel is usually located within city boundaries. It is usually intended for businessmen and travellers. It provides numerous amenities in addition to sleeping accommodation, including maid services, radio and television, parking space for automobiles, recreational facilities, food and beverage services and retail shops.

Resort Hotel

A resort hotel is usually located in seaside, lake, or mountain areas. Its target is tourists and holidays. It provides all hotel services plus recreational and athletic activities. In recent years, the hotel industry has experienced tremendous growth as a result of the increase in tourism in resort areas, such as the Caribbean islands, the Mediterranean region and Hawaii.

Residential Hotel

A residential hotel caters to permanent residents rather than to travellers. These hotels are similar to apartment buildings except that they provide maid and valet service and often have dining facilities. Lodgings are available on a weekly, monthly or yearly basis.

13. What does the text tell us about?

A.    Hotels in general.

B.     Hotels in big cities.

C.     Hotels with luxurious facilities.

D.     Hotels in certain areas of the world.

14. Hotels can be classified based on . . . .

A.     their location, facilities, services offered and clientele served

B.     their number of rooms available and the location

C.     their location and the types of visitors

D.     their facilities and their working days

15. Where can we find a transient hotel?

A.     Within city boundaries.

B.     Near tourism objects.

C.     Downtown in cities.

D.     Inside a big city.

16. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the text?

A.     Residential hotels often provide maid and valet services.

B.     Resorts hotels are usually located near business centres.

C.     Transient hotels are intended for businessmen and travellers.

D.     Many hotels and motels provide radio and television for the visitors.

17. ". , the hotel industry has experienced tremendous growth . . . “. The synonym of the underlined word is . . . .

A.     marvellous

B.     lovely

C.     large

D.     wide

18. "The residential hotel caters to permanent . . " The underlined word means

A.     help people

B.     give things owned

C.     provide the things needed

D.     prepare the things in advance

19. What is the difference between residential hotels and transient hotels?

A.     Residential hotels have more rooms than transient hotels.

B.     Residential hotels have lower room rates than transient hotels do.

C.     Residential hotels are prepared for temporary stays, while transient hotels are for permanent stays.

D.     Residential hotels are prepared for permanent stays, while transient hotels are for temporary stays.

The following text is for questions 20 to 26.

Trains

A train is made up of railroad cars, hooked together and pulled by a locomotive. Locomotives are sometimes called engines. The types of locomotive engines most used today are diesel-electric. Engines that burn diesel fuel drive generators that make electricity. Powerful electric motors turn the wheels of a diesel-electric locomotive. There are two types of train, freight and passenger trains.

A freight train can have as many as 200 cars hooked together. There are special railroad cars for different kinds of freight. The boxcar has four sides, a floor and a roof. It carries radios, television sets and boxes of cereal. Refrigerator cars work like your home refrigerator. They are boxcars that are cool inside. Refrigerator cars carry meat, fruit, frozen dinners and other food that must be kept cold. The hopper car is open on the top. Hopper cars carry coal, sand, gravel, and ore (rocks that contain metals). A flatcar has no top or sides. It has a floor on wheels. Flat cars carry lumber, steel beams, huge pieces of machinery, and other big items. Lifting machines called cranes load cargo onto flat cars. Special flatcars carry cars, boats, and trucks.

Passenger trains have seats in rows along each side. They are made for long trips. They have seats that can be made into beds at night. Trains that carry passengers over long distances have special baggage cars to carry suitcases. They have dining cars where people can sit down and eat.

20. What kind of cars carry people?

A.     Refrigerator cars.

B.     Passenger cars.

C.     Hopper cars.

D.     Freight cars.

21. What types of locomotive engines are mostly used today?

A.     Electric.

B.     Coal stove.

C.     Diesel fuel.

D.     Diesel electric.

22. Which freight car is used to carry sand?

A.     Boxcar.

B.     Tank car.

C.     Hopper car.

D.     Refrigerator car.

23. "Flat cars carry lumber,. .. " (Paragraph 2) The underlined word has similar meaning to . .

A.     timber

B.     steel

C.     Coal

D.     iron

24. What is a special flat car for?

A.     For carrying passengers.

B.     For carrying vehicles.

C.     For moving animals.

D.     For taking lumber.

25. Where do passengers have meal?

A.     The flat cars.

B.     The dining cars.

C.     The locomotives.

D.     The refrigerator cars.

26. What is the text about?

A.     A certain train in a modern country.

B.     A certain train for a special need.

C.     Trains and their prices.

D.     Trains in general.

The following text is for questions 27 to 31.

Grasshopper

Grasshoppers are insects. People also call them short-horned grasshopper because they do not have any nose. We can find about 10,000 different species in many different parts of the world.

Like most insects, they lay eggs. Once the eggs hatch, they change into nymphs. They look like little adults, but don't have any wings and reproductive organs. The outer layer of their body will get harder when they grow older. Grasshoppers' colours are mostly green, brown, or olive-green.

A grasshopper's body is covered by a hard exoskeleton. It consists of the head, thorax, and abdomen. Grasshoppers have a series of holes located along the side of the body. They are called spiracles. Spiracles help grasshoppers to breathe.

Grasshoppers are able to hop, walk, and fly. They hop with their long hind legs. They use their short front legs to grasp their prey and to walk. When grasshoppers rub their back legs together, they will make noise.

Grasshoppers eat plants. In the ecosystem, their predators include birds, insects, and reptiles. Grasshoppers' eggs are also eaten by some flies.

27. The text mainly tells us about . . .

A.     grasshoppers in general

B.     the diet of a grasshopper

C.     grasshoppers and their predators

D.     the breeding system of a grasshopper

28. What does the third paragraph tell us about?

A.     The breeding system of grasshoppers.

B.     The anatomy of grasshoppers.

C.     The species of grasshoppers.

D.     The diet of grasshoppers.

29. How do grasshoppers make noise?

A.     By rubbing their back legs together.

B.     By making noise from their mouth.

C.     By hopping here and there.

D.     By rubbing their antennae.

30. ". . . , their predators include birds, insects, and reptiles." The underlined word means .

A.     animals with feathers

B.     animals with scales and fins

C.     wild animals with sharp fangs

D.     animals with sharp spiky hair to protect themselves

31. The text might be useful for . . .

A.     fishermen

B.     farmers

C.     writers

D.     chefs

The following text is for questions 32 to 36.

Lavender

Lavender (lavare) means to wash' in Latin. In the past, people used lavender to bathe. But now, many people use this as scent ingredients 0  in many products such as detergent, soap and shampoo.

Lavender originally grows in Mediterranean mountain zones since it grows well in a stony and sunny habitat. Nowadays, lavender is wide spread to Southern Europe, United States, Australia, and Indonesia also.

Lavender can grow up to 60 centimetres. It is a short bush with branches that has broad rootstock. The rootstock produces upright, rod like, leafy, green shoots or branches. The grey green oblong tapered leaves are covered by silvery down and attached directly at the root. It curls spirally. The flowers are small with blue violet colour. They are arranged in 6 to 10 blossoms. The oil of the flowers radiates fragrant scent.

The essential oil of lavender flowers is extracted and used for various medicinal purposes, such as a remedy for insomnia, anxiety, depression, and fatigue. Research findings suggest that lavender gives calming, soothing, and sedative effects when we inhale its scent.

32. In which paragraph do you find the characteristics of lavender?

A.     Paragraph 1.

B.     Paragraph 2.

C.     Paragraph 3.

D.     Paragraph 4.

33. How do people get lavender oil?

A.     By extracting it.

B.     By inhaling it.

C.     By mixing it.

D.     By drying it.

34. ". . . is used as scent ingredients . . . ." (Paragraph 1) The synonym of the underlined word is . . . .

A.     perfume

B.     wet

C.     wash

D.     dry

35. "They are arranged . . . ." (Paragraph 3) What does the underlined word refer to?

A.     Essential oil.

B.     The flowers.

C.     The lavender plant.

D.     Medicinal purposes.

36. The text might be written by . . .

A.     a florist

B.     a surgeon

C.     a botanist

D.     a veterinarian

The following text is for questions 37 to 41.

Cats

Cats are carnivorous mammals. They are the most popular pet and people often call them kitty or pussycat. Young cats are called kittens, while their parents are often called queens (female cats) and toms (male cats).

There are shorthair and longhair cats. However, unspecified breeds are categorised as domestic shorthair (DSH). Cats have extra lower back and thoracic vertebrae. Cats also have distinct features. They have special free-floating clavicle bones that attach forelimbs to their shoulder. These features allow cats to fit their bodies and heads into any space.

Cats use different kinds of sounds to communicate. They produce a wide range of sounds including purring, meowing, growling, trilling, hissing, chirping, squeaking, clicking, and grunting. The exchanged sounds are used by mother cats and her kittens to communicate. They are also used between mating cats or to other species. Cats also use different sounds and gestures to protect themselves and their offspring. A mother cat can fight even a larger dog to protect her kittens. She usually hisses furiously and gives frightening warning by showing her claws and making her hair stand on end.

37. What does the text tell us about?

A.     How cats communicate with each other.

B.     How cats hunt their prey.

C.     Cats in general.

D.     Kinds of cats.

38. What does the last paragraph tell us about?

A.     A mother cat protects her kittens by fighting off the largest dog.

B.     The kittens and their mother cat communicate using sounds.

C.     Cats use various sounds to communicate.

D.     The fight between cats and dogs.

39. Why can cats move their body flexibly?

A.     Their forelimbs are attached to their shoulder by the special free-floating clavicle.

B.     Stalk and pounce becomes their main method of hunting.

C.     For short distance, they are extremely fast.

D.     They have four long limbs and slender shoulder.

40. The text would be useful for those who

A.     like adventurous experience

B.     want to know about plantation

C.     are learning about animals

D.     love travelling

41. They are also used between mating cats . . . ." (The last paragraph) The underlined word refers to . .

A.     the exchanged sound

B.     mother cats

C.     mating cats

D.     the kittens

The following text is for questions 42 to 47.

Leeches

Leeches are slimy worms which have two suckers. The big one is placed at the rear and the smaller one at the mouth. The leeches are able to expand their bodies since they have powerful muscles. Most leeches eat blood of other creatures. By piercing its skin, a leech attaches its body to the victim's skin and sucks the victim's blood. It secretes a material which prevents the blood from clotting. The leech body will expand from its normal size as it sucks the blood. It is hard to remove a leech, once it attaches itself to your skin. You should put salt on it so that the leech falls off and dies.

There is one species of leech that sucks animals' blood by entering their breathing passages. Later, the breathing passage will be completely blocked and make the victim suffocate.

In the past, people believed that having too much blood inside the body may cause some diseases. Then doctors would attach leeches on the patient's skin to suck the patient's blood. In fact, some leeches were specially bred for this purpose.

42. How many suckers does a leech have?

A.     One.                          C. Three.

B.     Two.                         D. Four.

43. What happens when a leech sucks up the blood?

A.     It expands the victim's body.

B.     It makes the victim die.

C.     It lets the victim dry.

D.     It enlarges its body.

44. How to take a leech off your skin?

A.     By dropping some water on it.

B.     By putting some salt on it.

C.     By cutting it off.

D.     By pulling it off.

45. ". . . prevents the blood from clotting." (Paragraph 1) The synonym of the underlined word is . . . .

A.     thickening

B.     enlarging

C.     breaking

D.     stopping

46. What happens to the animal when a leech swells and blocks its windpipe?

A.     It stops breathing and dies.

B.     It gets terrible cough.

C.     It gets fever

D.     It is swollen.

47. What is the last paragraph about?

A.     How a doctor died because of leeches.

B.     The use of leeches in medication.

C.     The way leeches suck blood.

D.     The danger of leeches.

The following text is for questions 48 to 51.

An earthworm uses its pointed head end to dig a hole in the soil. It searches for loose soil and forces the soil apart. Slowly, the worm draws the rest of its body until it disappears into the hole. The earthworm has many narrow rings which enable it to change shape.

The earthworm will eat the soil if it is too hard to be pushed aside. It opens up channels through which air can enter by burrowing into the soil. Because of this, the soil will be oxygenated. The roots of plants planted in that soil can breathe. In this way earthworms act as gardeners and cultivators of the soil.

48. How does an earthworm go through a small hole?

A.     Its body has many narrow rings to help it change shape.

B.     Its body has a very soft sponge that can change shape.

C.     Its body is very small and slim.

D.     Its body is tiny, long and slim.

49. Why is an earthworm called a gardener? Because . . . .

A.     it plants many trees

B.     it makes the soil good for plants

C.     it has many plants near its burrow

D.     it makes the plants bigger and better

50. ". . . by burrowing into the soil." (Paragraph 2) The underlined word means .. . .

A.     to make a hole in the wall

B.     to have babies and take care of them

C.     to keep the nest in good condition for a long time

D.     to make a hole or a tunnel in the ground by digging

51. What is the best title for the text?

A.     The kinds of earthworms.

B.     The habitat of earthworms.

C.     The breeding of earthworms.

D.     The benefit of earthworms for soil.

The following text is for questions 52 to 56.

Chameleons

Chameleons are mostly found in in Africa's, southern Sahara desert. There are around various types of this species in the world. The common chameleon ranges from the Middle East, along the northern African coast to southern Spain.

This slow-moving lizard hunts insects, its prey. They eat insects among trees and undergrowth. One of its special features is its eyes. Both of its eyes are set in two conical sockets. They can move independently of one another. This enables chameleons to see in front with one eye and behind with the other.

Chameleons are popular due to their ability to change their colour. A chameleon can change and match its skin colour with the surroundings in order to disguise itself and is difficult to spot among foliage. This is why we say a chameleon 'camouflages' itself.

When there is a fine insect flying around it, it shoots out a long, sticky tongue to its target and draws the insect back into its mouth.

52. How many kinds of chameleons exist in the world?

A.     More than one hundred.

B.     Seventy.

C.     Ninety.

D.     Eighty.

53. What does a chameleon normally eat?

A.     Fish.

B.     Fruit.

C.     Leaves.

D.     Insects.

54. ". . . difficult to spot among foliage." (Paragraph 3) The synonym of the underlined word is . . . .

A.     leaves

B.     fauna

C.     animals

D.     reptiles

55. What makes the eyes of a chameleon special?

A.     Each eye can move in a different direction at the same time.

B.     Each eye doesn't have the same colour.

C.     They are very huge and bright.

D.     They can change colour.

56. How does a chameleon catch its prey?

A.     By shooting out its tongue.

B.     By cutting up its prey.

C.     By crushing its prey.

D.     By biting its neck.

The following text is for questions 57 to 61.

Robots

The word robot comes from the Czech word Robota which means labour or work. A robot is known as a machine that does the work of a human being.

Robots are usually used to do repetitive work which requires high precision. For instance, robots are used to produce cars. Later, robots may also perform surgical operations on humans. A computer could direct the procedure with excellent precision. Meanwhile, human surgeons could control the progress by monitoring the operation on a large video screen.

Soon, robots may also do household chores, such as sweeping and mopping. Robots may also be designed to do dangerous jobs like cleaning the site of a nuclear accident.

57. What is the word robot derived from?

A.     Egyptian.

B.     Russian.

C.     Czech.

D.     Greek.

58. What is a robot usually used for?

A.     To make the workers work less and have more time to rest.

B.     To do repetitive tasks which require precision.

C.     To perform special acts imitating human beings.

D.     To give orders to the workers.

59. What would a human being do when a robot does a surgical operation?

A.     He could ask the robot to report the progress.

B.     He could check the progress of the operation.

C.     He could be one of the volunteers.

D.     He could stand beside the robot.

60. ". . . requires high precision." (Paragraph 2) The synonym of the underlined word is . . . .

A.     perfection

B.     sanitation

C.     accuracy

D.     caution

61. What is an example of a dangerous job that can be done by a robot?

A.     Manufacturing cars and other vehicles.

B.     Cleaning the site of a nuclear accident.

C.     Helping people work on a farm.

D.     Controlling the traffic.

The following text is for questions 62 to 66.

Hide-and-Seek

Almost all people around the world know hide-and-seek. It has been a popular game for children since a long time ago. Every nation has its own name. This game is known as petak umpet in Indonesia, escondite in Spain, jeu de cache-cache in France, sumbaggoggil in South Korea, and de-av-ati ascunselea in Romania.

To play this game, one person is asked to close his or her eyes for about 20-25 seconds. And at the same time, other people who join the game hide. After he or she has finished counting, the seeker has to find the other players who are hiding. The first hider who gets caught will be the seeker in the next round. On the other hand, the last hider who gets caught will be the winner of the round. People can make variations for the game to make it more entertaining. A hider making to the home base without the seeker noticing makes the seeker become the seeker again in the next round. This is one of the well-known variations in Indonesia.

62. The text mainly tells us about . . . .

A.     the origin of a children game called hide-and-seek

B.     how hide-and-seek spread all over the world

C.     what hide-and-seek is and how to play it

D.     the kinds of hide-and-seek in the world

63. "A hider making to the home base makes the seeker . . . ." (Paragraph 2) The underlined phrase is closest in meaning to a place where . . . .

A.     people live

B.     the seeker hides

C.     the seeker counts

D.     the hider and seeker live

64. What does the second paragraph tell us about?

A.     How to play the game.

B.     Where the game is from.

C.     The variations of the game.

D.     The number of the players in the game.

65. After he or she has finished counting" The underlined phrases refers to . . . .

A.     The hider

B.     The seeker

C.     The home base

D.     The one who does not play

66. Who will be the seeker in the next roundbased on the second variation? The one who . .. .

A.     fails to protect his/her home base

B.     comes to the home base safely

C.     comes to the home base first

D.     finds the seeker

The following text is for questions 67 to 71.

The Moon is the only natural satellite of the Earth. The Moon is the second brightest object in the Earth's sky after the Sun. The natural satellites of the other planets in the solar system are also sometimes referred to as moons.

The Earth's Moon is now known to be a slightly egg-shaped ball composed mostly of rock and metal. It has no liquid water, virtually no atmosphere and is lifeless. The Moon shines by reflecting the light of the Sun. Although the Moon appears bright to the eye, it reflects on average only 12 percent of the light that falls on it. This reflectivity of 0.12 is similar to that of coal dust. This reflectivity is called albedo.

The temperatures on most of the Moon's surface are too extreme for water or ice to exist, ranging from a maximum of 127°C (261°F) at lunar noon to a minimum of —173°C (-279°F) just before lunar dawn. Temperatures in permanently shadowed areas near the lunar poles, however, may consistently be as low as —220°C (-364°F). Comets and micrometeoroids that strike the Moon release gases that contain water. The gases would form an extremely thin atmosphere that would then migrate to the coldest regions of the poles and condense, forming ice that combines with the lunar soil.

67. What is the text about?

A.     The Sun.

B.     The Earth.

C.     The Moon.

D.     Solar system.

68. What is the function of the text?

A.     To describe the Sun.

B.     To describe the Earth.

C.     To describe the Moon.

D.     To describe the solar system.

69. What is the second paragraph about?

A.     The characteristics of the Moon.

B.     The categorisation of the Moon.

C.     The identification of the Moon.

D.     The temperature of the Moon.

70. "It has no liquid water . . . ." (Paragraph 2) What does the underlined word refer to?

A.     Rock.

B.     Metal.

C.     A ball.

D.     The Moon.

71. ". . . then migrate to the coldest regions of the poles and condense . . . ." (Paragraph 3) What does the underlined word mean?

A.     To change from solid into gas.

B.     To change from gas into liquid.

C.     To change from liquid into solid.

D.     To change from solid into liquid.

The following text is for questions 72 to 75.

Dolphins 

Dolphins travel together in groups in the sea. (72) . . . can locate their prey using echolocation and often (73) . . . for fish, squid, and shrimp. Dolphins also sleep with one eye open. Sometimes humans use them in a pool show with other animals because they are (74) . . . and intelligent. (75) . . . dolphins are harmless, children are not afraid to get a kiss from them.

72. . . .

A.     They

B.     She

C.     He

D.     It

73. . . .

A.     eat

B.     hunt

C.     catch

D.     capture

74. . . .

A.     wild

B.     fierce

C.     friendly

D.     ferocious

75. . . .

A.     Although

B.     However

C.     Because

D.     Though


Istilah-istilah Asing
Greco-European
Greco - European (groupe d'États contre la corruption, GRECO) adalah Kelompok Negara Menentang Korupsi, badan pengawas antikorupsi Dewan Eropa dengan Kantor Pusatnya di Strasbourg, didirikan, pada tahun 1999, sebagai Perjanjian Parsial yang diperluas oleh 17 Negara Anggota Dewan Eropa. GRECO, yang juga terbuka untuk negara non-Eropa, saat ini memiliki 50 anggota. Wikipedia (Inggris)

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