2020-10-23

PENJELASAN SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Materi Bahasa Inggris SMP/Mts Kelas 8 - Materi Simple Past Tense - Penjelasan, Rumus, Contoh Kalimat, Contoh Soal dan Jawaban Simple Past Tense


Pengertian Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense adalah tense yang digunakan untuk membicarakan tentang kejadian atau tindakan yang terjadi dan selesai di masa lampau.
Contoh kalimat:
  • My schoolmate won an English debate competition last week.{Teman sekolah saya memengankan sebuah kejuaran debat bahasa Inggris minggu lalu.}
  • We played basketball yesterday. {Kami bermain bola basket kemarin.}
  • He did not call me an hour ago. {Dia tidak menelpon saya satu jam yang lalu.}
  • I was not happy with my exam score. {Saya tidak senang dengan nilai ujian saya.}

Rumus Simple Past Tense

Ada dua pola kalimat dalam tenses yaitu nominal (tidak memakai kata 'kerja/verbs' tetapi menggunakan to be untuk past tense menggunakan 'was/were') dan yang kedua yaitu menggunakan verbs dalam pola kalimatnya.

Rumus Simple Past Tense Positif Nominal & Verbal

Positif Nominal

[Subject + was/were+ complement]

=Bagian-bagian kalimatnya=
Subject  ☞ I, you, we, they, he, she, & it
was  ☞ digunakan untuk I, he, she, it
were  ☞ digunakan untuk you, they, we
complement  ☞ pelengkap kalimat
Contoh
  • I was in the garden. {Saya sedang di taman}, tidak lagi berada ditaman.
  • They were teachers. {Mereka adalah guru.}, sekarang tidak lagi guru.

Positif Verbal / Menggunakan Kata Kerja

[Subject + V2 + complement]

=Bagian-bagian kalimatnya=
Subject  ☞ I, you, we, they, he, she, & it
V2  ☞ Kata kerja yang berakhiran -ed atau irregular verbs.
complement  ☞ pelengkap kalimat.
Contoh
  • I bought a car last year. {Saya membeli sebuah mobil tahun lalu.}
  • She played basketball, {Dia bermain bola basket.}

Rumus Simple Past Tense Negatif Nominal & Verbal

Negatif Nominal

[Subject + was/were + not + complement]

=Bagian-bagian kalimatnya=
Subject   ☞ I, you, we, they, he, she, & it
was  ☞ digunakan untuk I, he, she, it
were  ☞ digunakan untuk you, they, we
not  ☞ sebagai penanda kalimat negatif
complement  ☞ pelengkap kalimat
Contoh
  • I was not in the garden last night. {Saya tidak sedang berada di taman tadi malam.}
  • There were not teachers. {Mereka bukan guru.}

Negatif Verbal

[Subject + did not + V1 + complement]

=Bagian-bagian kalimatnya=
Subject   ☞  I, you, we, they, he, she, & it
did not (disingkat 'didn't'  ☞ sebagai penanda bentuk negatif dengan kata kerja di masa lampau
V1  ☞ Kata kerja bentuk pertama
complement  ☞ pelengkap kalimat.
Contoh
  • I didn't buy a car last year. {Saya tidak membeli sebuah mobil tahun lalu.}
  • She didn't play basketball yesterday. {Dia tidak bermain bola basket kemarin.}

Rumus Simple Past Tense Interrogative/Tanya Nominal & Verbal

Didalam pola interrogative/tanya ini ada dua macam yaitu Yes/No Question dan W/H Question.

Interrogative Nominal Yes/No Question

Untuk Pertanyaannya : [Was/Were + Subject + complement]
Untuk Jawabannya: [Yes + Subject + was/were] / [No + Subject + was/were + not]
=Bagian-bagian kalimatnya=
Subject  ☞ I, you, we, they, he, she, & it
was  ☞ digunakan untuk I, he, she, it
were  ☞ digunakan untuk you, they, we
complement  ☞ pelengkap kalimat
Contoh
A: Was she clean her shoes? {Apakah dia mencuci sepatunya?}
B: Yes, she was. {Ya, dia telah mencucinya.}

A: Were you in the garden last night? {Apakah kamu berada di taman kemarin malam?}
B: No, I wasn't {Tidak, saya tidak berada disana.}

Interrogative Nominal W/H Question

[W/H + was/were + Subject + complement]

=Bagian-bagian kalimatnya=
Subject  ☞ I, you, we, they, he, she, & it
W/H Question  ☞ what, who, where, when, who, how
was  ☞ digunakan untuk I, he, she, it
were  ☞ digunakan untuk you, they, we
complement  ☞ pelengkap kalimat
Contoh
  • What were they? {Siapa mereka?}
  • Where was you yesterday? {Dimana kamu kemarin?}

Interrogative Verbal Yes/No Question 

Bentuk kalimat tanya simple past tense diawali dengan kata 'Did'. Jangan lupa di akhiri dengan tanda tanya (?)

[Did + Subject + V1 + Complement]
Jawabannya
[Yes + Subject + did]
atau
[No + Subject + did + not]

=Bagian-bagian kalimatnya=
Subject  ☞ I, you, we, they, he, she, & it
Did  ☞ ditaruh di awal kalimat dan diakhiri dengan tanda tanya (?)
V1  ☞ Kata kerja bentuk pertama
complement  ☞ pelengkap kalimat.
Contoh
  • Did you buy a car last year? {Apakah kamu membeli sebuah mobil tahun yang lalu?}
  • Did she play basketball yesterday? {Apakah dia bermain bola basket kemarin?}

Interrogative Verbal W/H Question

[W/H + did + Subject + V1 + complement]

=Bagian-bagian kalimatnya=
W/H Question  ☞ what, who, where, when, who, how
Subject  ☞ I, you, we, they, he, she, & it
complement  ☞ pelengkap kalimat
Contoh:
  • What did she do? {Apa yang dia lakukan?}
  • What did you do last night? {Apa yang kamu lakukan tadi malam?}

Aturan Penggunaan Simple Past Tense

Ciri-ciri simple past tense;

☞ Untuk kalimat nominal simple past tense verbnya adalah to be 'was dan were', 'was' adalah bentuk masa lampau to be 'is' sedangkan 'were' adalah bentuk masa lampau to be 'are'

☞ Kata keterangan waktu/adverb of time yang dipakai dalam simple past tense adalah;
  • . . . ago. (contoh: two days ago, an hour ago, three days ago, a thousand year ago, etc)
  • yesterday
  • last . . . , contoh (last week, last month, last year, last meeting, etc)

Verb Simple Past Tense

Kata kerja simple past tense ada dua tipe kata kerja/Verbs 2, yaitu regular dan irregular;
Regular Verbs
☞ Simple past tense selalu menambahkan '-ed' di akhir kata kerjanya.
Contoh: walk > walked
I walked to Marni's house yesterday.

☞ Jika kata kerja bentuk pertamanya / V1 berakhiran '-e' tinggal menambahkan '-d'.
Contoh: close > closed
The shop closed early last night.

☞ Jika kata kerjanya berakhiran '-y' maka rubah terlebih dahulu menjadi '-i' dan tambahkan '-d'
Untuk kata kerja yang berakhiran doble konsonan diakhiri '-y'. Untuk kata kerja yang berakhiran vokal dan konsonan menggunakan aturan nomor 1 seperti (play > played)
Contoh: try > tried
The cat tried to catch the mouse.

☞ Jika kata kerjanya berakhiran konsonan selain '-y', maka huruf akhir konsonan di doblekan.
Contoh: grab > grabbed
I almost fell, but dad grabbed my hand.

Irregular Verbs
Kata kerja ini bentuk ke duanya / V2 tidak di tambahkan akhiran '-ed' tetapi berubah bentuknya, lihatlah beberapa contoh dibawah ini;
☞ begin > began
☞ bite > bit
☞ build > built
☞ catch > caught
☞ choose > chose
☞ drink > drank
☞ do > did
☞ eat > ate
☞ fall > fell
☞ feel > felt
☞ find > found
☞ grow > grew
☞ keep > kept
☞ lend > lent
☞ look > saw
☞ lose > lost
☞ make > made
☞ meet > met
☞ pay > paid
☞ ride > rode
☞ run > ran
☞ say > said
☞ sit > sat
☞ swim > swam
☞ take > took
☞ teach > taught
☞ speak > spoke
☞ win > won


Namun ada juga kata kerja untuk simple past tense yang tidak berubah bentukya seperti di bawah ini;
☞ cut > cut
☞ hit > hit
☞ put > put
☞ let > let
☞ read > read
☞ set > set
☞ shut > shut

Contoh Kalimat Simple Past Tense

Nominal
Contoh-contoh kalimat dibawah ini merupakan kegiatan atau sesuatu yang sudah terjadi dan selesai di masa lampau.
  • I was angry. {Saya marah.}
  • She was hungry. {Dia lapar.}
  • He was late. {Dia terlambar.}
  • They were tired. {Mereka lelah.}
  • We were hungry. {Kami lapar.}

Verbal
Contoh-contoh kalimat dibawah ini merupakan kegiatan atau sesuatu yang sudah terjadi dan selesai di masa lampau.
  • They played volleyball yesterday. {Mereka bermain bola voli kemarin.}
  • Cathy stayed at my house last week. {Cathy menginap di rumah saya minggu yang lalu.}
  • Emily took a picture last night. {Emily mengambil gambar semalam.}
  • We went to the market two days ago. {Kita pergi ke swalayan 2 hari yang lalu.}
  • I ate an apple yesterday. {Saya memakan sebuah apel kemarin.}

Positif
Contoh-contoh kalimat dibawah ini merupakan kegiatan atau sesuatu yang sudah terjadi dan selesai di masa lampau.
  • They came to my house yesterday. {Mereka datang ke rumah saya kemarin.}
  • Emily drew a picture last night. {Emily menggambar lukisan semalam.}
  • My brother and I bought some books yesterday. {Saudara saya dan saya membeli beberapa buku kemarin.}
  • I was tired yesterday. {Saya lelah kemarin}
  • We were hungry last night. {Kami kelaparan semalam.}

Negatif
Contoh-contoh kalimat negatif past tense dibawah ini merupakan kegiatan yang tidak terjadi di masa lampau.
  • I didn't go to school yesterday. {Saya tidak pergi ke sekolah kemarin.}
  • She didn't walk to market two days ago. {Dia tidak berjalan ke swalayan 2 hari yang lalu.}
  • They didn't play football yesterday. {Mereka tidak bermain sepak bola kemarin}
  • He wasn't hungry last night. {Dia tidak lapar semalam.}
  • We weren't tired yesterday. {Kami tidak lelah kemarin.}

Interrogative/Tanya
Contoh kalimat dibawah ini mempertanyakan kejadian atau aksi yang terjadi di masa lampau.
  • Did you come to my house last night? {Apakah akamu datang kerumahku semalam?}
  • Did you walk to market yesterday? {Apakah kamu berjalan ke swalayan kemarin?}
  • What did she buy last week? {Apa yang dia beli minggu yang lalu?}
  • Where did you go last month? {Pergi kemana kamu bulan yang lalu?}
  • Were you tire yesterday? {Apakah kamu lelah kemarin?}
  • Was your brother hungry last night? {Apakah saudaramu lapar semalam?}
  • Where was your book? {Diamana bukumu?}
  • Who were they? {Siapa mereka?}

Contoh Soal Simple Past Tense

Contoh soal simple past tense essay

I. Write was or were in the blank spaces in the following passage. One has been done for you.
Last month we (1) ______ so excited because we went on a vacation. It (2) _______ a beautiful Saturday afternoon and the sun (3) _______ really bright. Mum, dad, Marina and I (4) ______ at Soekarno Hatta Airport. The flight (5) _______ at three in the afternoon. The airport (6) _______ crowded and there (7) ______ so many people who (8) _______ waiting for their flight too. After waiting for a few hours, we (9) ______ on the plane and ready to go to Jogjakarta. We (10) _____ there for 5 days. It (11) _____ the best vacation ever.

II. Complete the following sentences with the correct words.
Examples:
Were you here yesterday? Yes, I was
Was he absent last week? No, he wasn't
  1. _____ the man your friend? No, he _____
  2. _____ you with him yesterday? Yes, I _____
  3. _____ it sunny last Sunday? No, it _____
  4. _____ she alright this morning? Yes, she _____
  5. _____ they ready for the test? No, they _____

III. Complete the following sentences with the verb in the brackets using the simple past tense.
  1. Kirana _____ (run) so fast because there _____ (be) a dog.
  2. My neighbors finally _____ (catch) the thief.
  3. Mia and I _____ (borrow) some books from the library.
  4. My family _____ (miss) the plane because we _____ (wake up) late.
  5. I _____ (write) some letters to my penpals in Jambi.
  6. Mum can't remember where she  _____ (put) the wallet.
  7. Budi _____ (buy) come CDs in the mall.
  8. Mr. Berto _____ (teach) and _____ (speak) English in the class.
  9. The school janitor _____ (sweep) the floor last night.
  10. The kids _____ (wear) uniform to kindergarten.

IV. Draw a circle around the correct past tense verb in each sentence below. 
  1. The book (cost/costs) Rp56,000.
  2. I (listen/listened) to the music and (sings/sang) the lyrics.
  3. Ms. Rani (tells/told) me to open the window.
  4. Dad (left/leaves) home at six in the morning.
  5. My sister (bought/buys) me some food from Japan.
  6. We (had/has) a great vacation in Aceh.
  7. Yohanes (drives/drove) his father's car.
  8. Anna (lets/let) the guests in.
  9. Last night I (see/saw) something outside the window.
  10. My little brother (got/gets) a fever, but still (went/goes) to school.

V. Complete the following sentences using the verbs. Change the verbs into past tense. 
☞ finish
☞ start
☞ clean
☞ stay
☞ rain
☞ want
☞ eat
☞ enjoy
☞ work
☞ close
☞ feel
  1. The floor was so dirty, I _______ it all day.
  2. The shop _______ late yesterday.
  3. The show _______ at 6.00 and _______ at 9.00.
  4. When I was an elementary student, I _______ to be a soldier.
  5. Two days ago, he _______ very hard. He _______ very tired.
  6. Yesterday, it _______ all day. But today it is nice.
  7. We _______ our holiday last year.
  8. We _______  at a very nice hotel.

VI. Write questions with Did you . . .?
Example
I watched TV last night.
Did you watch TV last night?

1. I enjoyed the party.
______________________

2. I finished work early.
______________________

3. I submitted the project last week.
______________________

4. I opened the door.
______________________

5. I washed my car yesterday.
______________________

Kunci Jawaban Contoh Soal Past Tense Essay

Bagian-I
2. was
3. was
4. were
5. was
6. was
7. were
8. were
9. were
10. were
11. was

Bagian-II
1. was / wasn't
2. was / was
3. was / wasn't
4. was / was
5. were / weren't

Bagian-III
1. ran - was
2. caught
3. borrowed
4. missed - woke up
5. wrote
6. put
7. bought
8. taught - spoke
9. swept
10. wore

Bagian-IV
1. cost
2. listened - sang
3. told
4. left
5. bought
6. had
7. drove
8. let
9. saw
10. got

Bagian-V
1. cleaned
2. closed
3. started - finished
4. wanted
5. worked - felt 
6. rained
7. enjoyed
8. stayed

Bagian-VI
1. Did you enjoy the party?
2. Did you finish work early?
3. Did you submit the project last week?
4. Did you open the door?
5. Did you wash my car yesterday?

Contoh soal simple past tense pilihan ganda

Choose the correct answers.
1. Ten years ago, I ... only a baby 
      A. is
      B. am  
      C. was
      D. were 
2. When she ... younger, she played with teddy 
    bears. 
      A. is 
      B. am
      C. was  
      D. were 
3. My friend . . . ill yesterday. 
      A. is 
      B. am 
      C. was 
      D. were 
4. Mum was angry when she . . the broken
    vase. 
      A. see 
      B. saw 
      C. seeing 
      D. was seeing 
5. It ... very wet last Monday. 
      A. is 
      B. am
      C. was  
      D. were 
6. It ... six o'clock when we got home. 
      A. is 
      B. am
      C. was  
      D. were 
7. We . . . away on vacation last month. 
      A. is         C. was 
      B. am D. were 
8. The plane ... ten minutes ago. 
      A. land C. landed 
      B. lands         D. landing 
9. My cousin ... us last summer. 
      A. visit C. visited 
      B. visits         D. visiting 
10. We ... to school yesterday.
       A. walk 
       B. walks 
       C. walked 
       D. walking 
11. Jaka and I ... in the garden. 
       A. is C. was 
       B. am D. were 
12. You ... mean to me. 
       A. is C. was 
       B. am D. were 
13. You and Salma . . . not at school yesterday. 
       A. is 
       B. am 
       C. was 
       D. were 
14. Dinosaurs . . . extinct before primitive men 
       existed. 
       A. is 
       B. am 
       C. was 
       D. were 
15. Firman was doing his maths homework 
      when the phone ... . 
       A. ring         C. rang 
       B. rings         D. ringing 
16. Dad was cooking our dinner when I ... home. 
       A. get C. gets 
       B. got D. getting 
17. When I ... Hendrik, he was looking for his
      dog.        
       A. see 
       B. saw 
       C. sees 
       D. seeing
18. We were all enjoying the film when the
       power ... out. 
       A. go C. went 
       B. goes         D. going 
19. . . . someone knock at the door last night? 
       A. Do C. Was 
       B. Did D. Were 
20. . . . you see my book? I can't find it. 
       A. Did C. Were 
       B. Was         D. Have 
21. What were you doing when the bell . . . ? 
       A. ring 
       B. rang 
       C. rung 
       D. rings 
22. I bought a new CD. It ... thirty dollars. 
       A. cost 
       B. costs 
       C. costing 
       D. was costing 
23. My brother . . . his finger this morning. 
       A. cut 
       B. cuts 
       C. cutting 
       D. was cutting 
24. She .. . the ball into a neighbor's garden
      yesterday afternoon. 
       A. hit 
       B. hits 
       C. hitting 
       D. was hitting 
25. I ... my leg when I jumped off the wall. 
       A. hurt 
       B. hurts 
       C. hurting 
       D. was hurting
26. Mum opened the door and ... us in. 
       A. let 
       B. lets 
       C. letting 
       D. was letting 
27. The tea tasted horrible because I . . . too 
      much sugar in it. 
       A. put 
       B. puts 
       C. putting 
       D. was putting 
28. Dad . . . us a story last night. 
       A. was reading C. reads 
       B. reading         D. read 
29. My brother ... when he fell off his bike. 
       A. cry C. crying
       B. cried         D. was crying 
30. We . . . to the station to catch the train this
       morning. 
       A. hurry         C. hurried 
       B. hurries D. hurrying 
31. Who . . . all the windows last night? 
       A. close 
       B. closed 
       C. closing 
       D. was closing 
32. We . . . each other on our bikes this
       afternoon. 
       A. were racing 
       B. racing
       C. raced
       D. race 
33. I ... swim in the lake. It ... too cold. 
       A. was - did 
       B. didn't - was 
       C. was - didn't 
       D. didn't - didn't 
34. Yuni ... feel well because she ... have
       breakfast. 
       A. didn't-didn't 
       B. did - didn't 
       C. didn't - did 
       D. was - were 
35. I . . . at the cinema yesterday. The film 
       ... exciting. 
       A. was - were 
       B. were - were 
       C. were - was 
       D. was - was 
36. Shinta : Where ... you born? 
       Novi  : I ... born in Makassar. 
       A. did - were 
       B. were - was 
       C. was - did 
       D. did - was 
37. Della : . . . you finish the novel? 
      Roni  : No, it .. . boring. 
       A. Did - did C. Did - was 
       B. Was - did D. Was - was 
38. Ridho : Who . . . with you on the plane?
       Rhoma : My classmates ... with me. 
       A. was - were 
       B. were - were 
       C. was - was
       D. were - was 
39. Judika : . . you in Lombok last year?
      Tineke : No, I ... I was in Kupang. 
       A. Was - was 
       B. Was - wasn't 
       C. Were - wasn't 
       D. Was - weren't 
40. David : When ... you Sit Borobudur
      Temple? 
       Krisna : Last month. 
       A. do C. was 
       B. did  D. were 

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