2019-02-25

Simple Present Tense - Penjelasan dan Contoh Lengkap Kalimat Positif, Negatif, dan Tanya Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense - Meaning, Function, and Form of Simple Present Tense.
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DAFTAR ISI


Kalian yang belajar Bahasa Inggris di sekolah pasti mempelajari tenses, salah satunya adalah "simple present tense".

Kalian tahu gak pengertian dan cara penggunaannya?


Pengertian Simple Present Tense

So, what is simple present tense?
Simple present tense adalah tenses yang digunakan untuk membicarakan hal yang terjadi pada saat ini secara lisan maupun tulisan.

Kalo di gambarin seperti ini:


Simple Present Tense - Meaning, Function, and Form of Simple Present Tense.
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Rumus Simple Present Tense

KALIMAT NOMINAL


Jenis kalimat
Subject
To be
O / C
positif
Plural
you / we / they
are
clever student
Singular
I
am
clever student
Singular
he / she / it
is
clever student


Jenis kalimat
Subject
To be
not
O / C
Negatif
Plural
you / we / they
are
not
clever student.
Singular
I
am
clever student.
Singular
he / she / it
is
clever student.

Jenis kalimat
To be
Subject
O / C
Introgratif
are
Plural
you / we / they
clever student?
am
Singular
I
clever student?
is
Singular
he / she / it
clever student?

 

KALIMAT VERBAL

1. Untuk Kalimat Positif Simple Present Tense

Untuk orang ketiga dan singular (sendirian) kita tambahkan -s dan -es di dalam kata kerjanya.
  • He speaks English at home.
  • She speaks English at home.
  • It usually comes to my dream every night.
  • Yusuf speaks English at home.
  • My cat drinks milk everyday.
  • The man speak English at home.

Untuk orang pertama dan plural (keroyokan/banyakan).
  • I speak English at home.
  • You speak English at home.
  • We speak English at home.
  • They speak English at home.
  • John and Mary speak English at home.
  • People in England speak English at home. 

Subject
Kata Kerja
Sisa Kalimat
Plural
I / you / we / they
speak
English at home.
Singular
he / she / it
speaks
English at home.
 

a. Untuk kata kerja berakhiran -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z ditambahkan -ES.
  • go – goes
  • catch – catches
  • wash – washes
  • kiss – kisses
  • fix – fixes
  • buzz – buzzes 

b . Untuk kata kerja berakhiran konsonan + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES.
  • marry – marries
  • study – studies
  • carry – carries
  • worry – worries

NOTE: Untuk kata kerja berakhiran huruf vokal + Y, we just add -S.
  • play – plays
  • enjoy – enjoys
  • say – says

 

Tanda Waktu Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense - Meaning, Function, and Form of Simple Present Tense.

Di beberapa kalimat simple present tense ada penanda waktu yang di gunakan di dalam kalimatnya disebut adverb of time / keterangan waktu dan keterangan perulangan / adverb of frequency, berikut daftar adverbnya.


Adverb of time
Arti
every day
setiap hari
every week
setiap minggu
every month
setiap bulan
every year
setiap tahun
every/each
setiap
in the morning
di pagi hari
at seven
jam tujuh
once/twice a day
sekali/dua kali sehari

Adverb of frequency
Arti
always
selalu
ever
pernah
seldom
sering
often
setiap
nowadays
pada waktu sekarang
once in a while
kadang-kadang
sometimes
kadang-kadang
frequently
sering
as a rule
biasanya
generally
biasanya
commonly
biasanya
normally
umumnya


2. Untuk Kalimat Negatif Simple Present Tense


Subject
don’t / doesn’t
Kata Kerja
Sisa Kalimat
Plural
I / you / we / they
don’t
speak
English at home.
Singular
he / she / it
doesn’t
speak
English at home.


Berbeda dengan kalimat postif, kalimat bentuk negatif simple present tense ini untuk subjek orang ketiga atau singular tidak ditambahkan -s atau -es di belakang kata kerjanya.

Hanya di tambahkan don't / doesn't pada kalimat setelah subjek.

kepanjangan dari don't adalah do not
kepanjangan dari doesn't adalah does not.

contoh kalimatnya;
  • You don't speak Indonesian.
  • She doesn't speak Indonesian.

3. Untuk Kalimat Tanya Simple Present tense


don’t / doesn’t
Subject
Kata Kerja
Sisa Kalimat
do
Plural
I / you / we / they
speak
English at home?
does
Singular
he / she / it
speak
English at home?
 
 Untuk kalimat tanya (interrogative) simple present tense do/does ditempatkan di awal kalimat diikuti dengan subjek, untuk kata kerjanya baik third person / singular, atau  first person / plural tidak ditambahkan akhiran -s atau -es di akhiran kata kerjanya.

contoh kalimat;

  • Do you need a dictionary?
  • Does Mary need a dictionary?
  • Do we have a meeting now?
  • Does it rain a lot in winter?
  • Do they want to go to the party?
  • Does he like pizza?

Jawaban Singkat kata Do and Does

Dalam kalimat pertanyaan yang menggunakan do/does kalian bisa memberikan jawab singkat seperti dibawah ini;

Sample Questions
Short Answer
(Affirmative)
Short Answer
(Negative)
Do you like chocolate?
Yes, I do.
No, I don't.
Do I need a pencil?
Yes, you do.
No, you don't.
Do you both like chocolate?
Yes, we do.
No, we don't.
Do they like chocolate?
Yes, they do.
No, they don't.
Does he like chocolate?
Yes, he does.
No, he doesn't.
Does she like chocolate?
Yes, she does.
No, she doesn't.
Does it have four wheels?
Yes, it does.
No, it doesn't.

Fungsi Simple Present Tense

Fungsi simple present tense seperti dibawah ini, adalah untuk;
  1. Kegiatan yang dilakukan sehari-hari secara teratur atau terbiasa.
  2. Mengekspresikan pikiran, perasaan, pendapat dan kepercayaan.
  3. Digunakan dalam jadwal, rencana dan program.
  4. Digunakan untuk memberikan instruksi.
  5. Digunakan dalam narasi drama.
  6. Headline dalam surat kabar atau majalah.
  7. Mengutip suatu berita, pengumuman, surat kabar, berita, buku atau dari website.
  8. Menyatakan kebenaran umum (general fact).

Contoh-contoh kalimat simple present tense.

Repeating actions or habits:
Bill jogs every day.

Bill never jogs.

Does Bill jog on Sundays?

Jane works hard.

Jane doesn't work hard at all!

Jim builds houses for a living.

What does Jim do for a living?

They play basketball every Sunday.

At what time do you usually eat dinner?


Facts or things which are true at all times:
London is in England.

London is not in France.

You can't live without water.

Can you live without water?

Sarah is a good girl.

When does it start snowing?

I speak French.

I don't speak Japanese.


Conditions (not actions) taking place at this moment:
I agree.

Tom thinks it's a good idea.


They have a lot of money.

They don't have any money.

Do they have some money?

I feel so tired.

You are brilliant!

They don't need his help.



Penjelasan Lengkap Simple Present Tense - Meaning, Form, and Function of Simple Present Tense.





7 Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Simple Present Tense







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