50 Contoh Soal PPG Bahasa Inggris, Lengkap Dengan Jawaban

Pretest maupun Ujian Pengetahuan PPG 2023 perlu dilakukan sebagai upaya mengukur penguasaan tiap materi belajar dengan baik.

Pembahasan soal profesional ini sebagai latihan untuk melaksanakan latihan agar tes yang dilakukan dapat berjalan lancar dan mencapai nilai yang terbaik.




Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by a number of questions about it. You are to choose the one best answer, A, B, C or D, to each question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.

Answer all questions about the information in a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage.


Sample Passage and Questions

The railroad was not the first institution to impose regularity on society, or to draw attention to the importance of precise timekeeping. For as long as merchants have set out their wares at daybreak and communal festivities have been celebrated, people have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of day. The value of this tradition is today more apparent than ever. Were it not for public acceptance of a single yardstick of time, social life would be unbearably chaotic: the massive daily transfers of goods, services, 

and information would proceed in fits and starts; the very fabric of modern society would begin to unravel. 


Example I

1.     What is the main idea of the passage? 

A.    In modern society we must make more time for our neighbors.

B.    The traditions of society are timeless.

C.    An accepted way of measuring time is essential for the smooth functioning of society.

D.    Society judges people by the times at which they conduct certain activities.


The main idea of the passage is that societies need to agree about how time is measured in order to function smoothly. Therefore, you should choose answer C.


Example II

2.     In line 7, the phrase "this tradition" refers to

A.    the practice of starting the business day at dawn

B.    friendly relations between neighbors

C.    the railroad's reliance on time schedules

D.    people's agreement on the measurement of time

The phrase "this tradition" refers to the preceding clause, "people have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of day." Therefore, you should choose answer D.

Untuk lebih siap menghadapi tes PPPK ataupun CPNS Anda bisa mempersiapkannya dari sekarang dengan mempelajari buku yang sangat menunjang untuk kelulusan Tes CAT PPPK, dapatkan sekarang dengan mengklik gambar dibawah ini:

Buku Persiapan Tes CPNS dan PPPK

Berikut ini 50 Contoh Soal PPG Bahasa Inggris dengan Jawabannnya


1 – 50

Reading Comprehension Passage 1

            Robert Moog was an American inventor who developed the Moog Synthesizer. It was one of the first synthesizers to gain widespread use as a musical instrument. Moog’s synthesizers were an important pa Line of musical innovation in rock and jazz music in the 1960s and 1970s. Robert Arthur Moog was born in Queens, a borough of New York City 75 years ago. He became fascinated with electronics as a teenager, particularly an early electronic music instrument called the theremin. Moog studied physic and electrical engineering at Queens College and Columbia University, both in New York City and later received a Ph.D. in engineering physic Cornel University in Ithaca, New York. In 1954, while still an undergraduate student, Moog formed his own company to sell theremins and theremin kits.

            Soon after, Moog began working on a keyboard instrument that could replicate the sound of any musical instrument electronically. Working with American composer Herbert Deutsch, Moog introduced the prototype Moog Synthesizer at a convention in 1964. The device represented a significant advance over previous electronic synthesizer because of its use of new semiconductor technology, which made it smaller and considerably cheaper than earlier machines. The Moog, as it was known, was soon in demand by musician all over the world.

            In 1964, Moog began a collaboration with American composer and organist Walter Carlos (now Wendy Carlos), who released the bestselling electronic music album Switched-On Bach in 1968. Rock groups such as the Beatles and Yes and jazz musicians such as Herbie Hancock and Chick Corea began incorporating Moog Synthesizer into their recordings, a trend that increased when the company introduced the compact and portable Minimoog in 1970. A Moog Synthesizer was also prominently featured on the soundtrack to the movie A Clockwork Orange in 1971.

Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2008        

1.     The word “prominently” in paragraph 3 can easily be replaced by …

(A)  significantly

(B)  perfectly

(C)  accurately

(D)  excellently


2.     The passage describes theremin as a/an …

(A)  prototype of Moog Synthesizer

(B)  initial electronic music instrument

(C)  musical instrument to replicate the sound

(D)  instrument of electronic tool


3.     The pronoun “it” paragraph 2 refers to…

(A)  electronic synthesizer

(B)  a keyboard instrument

(C)  prototype of Moog Synthesizer

(D)  new semiconductor technology


4.     According to the passage, all of the following are true about The Moog, except…

(A)  it was invented by Robert Moog

(B)  it was first introduced in 1964

(C)  it initiated new technology which was smaller and cheaper than previous

(D)  it was the first synthesizer in the world


5.     The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses…

(A)  collaboration between The Moog and other musicians

(B)  the description of compact and portable Mini Moog

(C)  the improvement of Moog Synthesizer

(D)  trend in the music industry about synthesizer


6.     The main idea of paragraph three is …

(A)  the Moog’s collaboration in music field

(B)  the Moog in the movie soundtrack

(C)  the introduction of Minimoog

(D)  the collaboration of The Moog with music groups


Reading Comprehension Passage 2

            Throughout history, people have been the victim of pickpockets. Today, pick pocketing is the one of the most rapidly increasing crimes. Pickpockets are increasing in number and developing better methods to Line practice their skill. Approximately one million Americans lose money to pickpockets every year, and none is really safe from a skilled pickpockets. His victims, or ‘marks’ as they are called, can be rich or poor, young or old.

During the eighteenth century, pickpockets were hanged in England, large crowds of people would gather watch the hanging, which was supposed to be a warning to other pickpockets. However, in time the practice was discontinued. The reason: while people were attentively watching the hanging of a pickpockets, other pickpockets skillfully stole the money of spectators.

Police official say that the most efficient pickpockets come from South America. Many of these expert pickpockets are trained in special school called ‘Jingle Bell Schools’. A pickpocket’s graduate from J. B. S when he is able to steal a wallet from a dresses dummy (mannequin) that has bells inside its pockets.

Even the most well dressed, respectable person may be a pickpocket. Some of the favorite places of pickpockets are banks, airports, racetrack, supermarkets, elevators, and train and bus stations. Oftentimes a pickpocket will work with another pickpockets as his partner. Another kind of pickpockets works outside or inside bars and specialize in stealing from women is called a ‘purse snatcher’.

To avoid being the victim of a pickpocket, it’s important to be very cautious and alert when in the midst of large gathering of the people.


7.     The best title for the passage would be…

(A)  Pickpockets are well dressed

(B)  Jingle Bell Schools

(C)  Pickpockets

(D)  The hanging of pickpockets


8.     The hanging of pickpockets were not continued because …

(A)  they were large crowd of people

(B)  it was against humanity

(C)  the police were not at the hanging

(D)  it was not effective to stop pick pocketing


9.     Pick pocketing is … crime.

(A)  an old

(B)  a modern

(C)  a temporary

(D)  a contemporary


10.  The passage mentions that pickpockets steal in/from the following, except

(A)  crowded places

(B)  the shops

(C)  drunkards

(D)  women


11.  South Americans pickpockets are the most efficient ones because …

(A)  they are well-trained

(B)  they are handsome

(C)  they are well-dressed

(D)  they are respectable


Untuk lebih siap menghadapi tes PPPK ataupun CPNS Anda bisa mempersiapkannya dari sekarang dengan mempelajari buku yang sangat menunjang untuk kelulusan Tes CAT PPPK, dapatkan sekarang dengan mengklik gambar dibawah ini:

Buku Persiapan Tes CPNS dan PPPK

Reading Comprehension Passage 3

    The cause of tooth decay is acid, which is produced by bacteria in the mouth. The acid removes minerals from tooth enamel, allowing tooth decay to begin; the saliva in your mouth encourages remineralization and Line neutralizes the acid. The rate at which bacteria in the mouth produce acid depends on the amount of plaque on the teeth, the composition of the microbial flora, and whether the bacteria of the plaque have been “primed” by frequent exposure to sugar. To keep your teeth healthy, a regular dental hygiene program should be followed.

    Removing plaque with a toothbrush and dental floss temporarily reduces the numbers of bacteria in the mouth and thus reduces tooth decay. It also makes the surfaces of the teeth more accessible, enabling saliva to neutralize acid and remineralise lesions. If fluoride is present in drinking water when teeth are forming, some fluoride is incorporated into the enamel of the teeth, making them more resistant to attack by acid. Fluoride toothpaste seems to act in another way, by promoting the remineralization of early carious lesions.

    In addition to a regular dental hygiene program, a good way to keep your teeth healthy is to reduce your intake of sweet food. The least cavity- causing way to eat sweets is to have them with meals and not between. The number of times you eat sweets rather than the total amount determines how much harmful acid the bacteria in your saliva produce. But the amount of sweets influences the quality of your saliva. Avoid, if you can, sticky sweets that stay in your mouth a long time. Also try to brush and floss your teeth after eating sugary foods. Even rinsing your mouth with water is effective. Whenever possible, eat foods with fiber, such as raw carrot sticks, apples, celery sticks, etc., that scrape off plaque, acting as a toothbrush. Cavities can be greatly reduced if these rules are followed when eating sweets.


12.  What does this passage mainly discuss?

(A)  Good nutrition

(B)  Food with fiber

(C)  Ways to keep your teeth healthy

(D)  Fluoridization and cavities


13.  According to the passage, all of the following statements about plaque are true except…

(A)  it consists of acid producing bacteria

(B)  it is not affected by eating sweets

(C)  it can be removed from teeth by brushing and flossing

(D)  it reduces the positive effect of saliva


14.  We can infer from the passage that one benefit of fluoride to healthy teeth is…

(A)  It strengthens tooth enamel

(B)  it stimulates saliva production

(C)  it makes teeth whiter

(D)  It Is a replacement for brushing and flossing in dental care


15.  The word “it” in paragraph 2 refers to …

(A)  dental floss

(B)  bacteria

(C)  removal of plaque

(D)  plaque


16.  What can be concluded from the passage about sweets?

(A)  All sweets should be avoided.

(B)  Sweets should be eaten with care.

(C)  It is better to eat sweets a little at a time throughout the day.

(D)  Sticky sweets are less harmful than other sweets.


17.  The word “scrape off” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to…

(A)  repel

(B)  rub together with

(C)  remove

(D)  dissolve


18.  According to the passage, the value of eating foods with fiber is that …

(A)  they contain Vitamin A

(B)  they are less expensive than a toothbrush

(C)  they are able to remove the plaque from your teeth

(D)  they contain no sugar


19.  The author of the passage states that the amount of acid produced by the bacteria in your saliva increases …

(A)  with the amount of sweets you eat

(B)  with the number of times you eat sweets

(C)  if you eat sweets with your meals

(D)  if you eat sticky sweets

Untuk lebih siap menghadapi tes PPPK ataupun CPNS Anda bisa mempersiapkannya dari sekarang dengan mempelajari buku yang sangat menunjang untuk kelulusan Tes CAT PPPK, dapatkan sekarang dengan mengklik gambar dibawah ini:

Buku Persiapan Tes CPNS dan PPPK



Reading Comprehension Passage 4


    Until recently,mostAmericanentrepreneursweremen. Discrimination against women in business, the demands of caring for families, and lack of business training had kept the number of women entrepreneurs Line small. Now, however, businesses owned by women account for more than $40 billion in annual revenues, and this figure is likely to continue rising throughout the 1990s. As Carolyn Doppelt Gray, an official of the Small Business Administration, has noted, “The 1970s was the decade of women entering management, and the 1980s turned out to be the decade of the woman entrepreneur”.

    What are some of the factors behind this trend? For one thing, as more women earn advanced degrees in business and enter the corporate world, they are finding obstacles. Women are still excluded from most executive suites. Charlotte Taylor, a management consultant, had noted, “In the 1970s women believed if they got an MBA and worked hard they could become chairman of the board. Now they’ve found out that isn’t going to happen, so they go out on their own”.

    In the past, most women entrepreneurs worked in “women’s” fields: cosmetics and clothing, for example. But this is changing. Consider ASK Computer Systems, a $22-million-a-year computer software business. It was founded in 1973 by Sandra Kurtzig, who was then a housewife with degrees in math and engineering. When Kurtzig founded the business, her first product was software that let weekly newspapers keep tabs on their newspaper carriers and her office was a bedroom at home, with a shoebox under the bed to hold the company’s cash. After she succeeded with the newspaper software system, she hired several bright computer-science graduates to develop additional programs. When these were marketed and sold, ASK began to grow. It now has 200 employees, and Sandra Kurtzig owns $66.9 million of stock.

    Of course, many women who start their own businesses fail, just as men often do. They still face hurdles in the business world, especially problems in raising money; the banking and finance world is still dominated by men, and old attitudes die hard. Most businesses owned by women are still quite small. But the situation is changing; there are likely to be many more Sandra Kurtzigs in the years ahead.


20.  What is the main idea of this passage?

(A)  Women today are better educated than in the past, making them more attractive to the business world.

(B)  The computer is especially lucrative for women today.

(C)  Women are better at small businesses than men are.

(D)  Women today are opening more businesses of their own.


21.  The word “excluded” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to…

(A)  not permitted in

(B)  often invited to

(C)  decorators of

(D)  charged admission to


22.  All of the following were mentioned in the passage as detriments to women in the business world except…

(A)  women were required to stay at home with their families

(B)  women lacked ability to work in business

(C)  women faced discrimination in business

(D)  women were not trained in business


23.  In paragraph 2, “that” refers to …

(A)  a woman becomes chairman of the board

(B)  women working hard

(C)  women achieving advanced degrees

(D)  women believing that business is a place for them


24.  According to the passage, Charlotte Taylor believes that women in the 1970s…

(A)  were unrealistic about their opportunities in business management

(B)  were still more interested in education than business opportunities

(C)  had fewer obstacles in business than they do today

(D)  were unable to work hard enough to succeed in business


25.  The author mentions the “shoebox under the bed” in the third paragraph in order to…

(A)  show the frugality of women in business

(B)  show the resourcefulness of Sandra Kurtzig

(C)  point out that initially the financial resources of Sandra Kurtzig’s business were limited

(D)  suggest that the company needed to expand


26.  In the third paragraph, the word “this” refers to…

(A)  women becoming entrepreneurs

(B)  women buying cosmetics and clothing

(C)  women working in “women’s fields”

(D)  women staying at home


27.  The expression “keep tabs on” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to …

(A)  recognize the appearance of

(B)  keep records of

(C)  provide transportation for

(D)  pay the salaries of


28.  The word “hurdles” in the last paragraph can be best replaced by…

(A)  fences

(B)  obstacles

(C)  questions

(D)  small groups


29.  It can be inferred from the passage that the author believes that businesses operated by women are small because …

(A)  women prefer a small intimate setting

(B)  women can’t deal with money

(C)  women are not able to borrow money easily

(D)  many women fail at large businesses


30.  The author’s attitude about the future of women in business is …

(A)  skeptical

(B)  optimistic

(C)  frustrated

(D)  negative

Untuk lebih siap menghadapi tes PPPK ataupun CPNS Anda bisa mempersiapkannya dari sekarang dengan mempelajari buku yang sangat menunjang untuk kelulusan Tes CAT PPPK, dapatkan sekarang dengan mengklik gambar dibawah ini:

Buku Persiapan Tes CPNS dan PPPK


Reading Comprehension Passage 5


    This rapid transcontinental settlement and these new urban industrial circumstances of the last half of the 19“’ century were accompanied by the development of a national literature of great abundance and variety. Line New themes, new forms, new subjects, new regions, new authors, new audiences all emerged in the literature of this half century. As a result, at the onset of World War I, the spirit and substance of American literature had evolved remarkably, just as its center of production had shifted from Boston to New York In the late 1880s and the sources of its energy to Chicago and the Midwest. No longer was it produced, atleast in its popular forms, in the main by solemn, typically moralistic men from New England and the Old South; no longer were polite, well-dressed, grammatically correct, middle-class young people the only central characters in its narratives no longer were these narratives to be set in exotic places and remote times; no longer, indeed, were fiction, poetry, drama, and formal history the chief acceptable forms of literary expression; no longer, finally, was literature read primarily by young, middle class women. In sum, American literature in these years fulfilled in considerable measure the condition Walt Whitman called for in l867 in describing Leaves of Grass: It treats, he said of his own major work, each state and region as peers “and expands from them, and includes the world … connecting an American citizen with the citizens of all nations.” At the same time, these years saw the emergence of what has been designated “the literature of argument,” powerful works in sociology, philosophy, psychology, many of them impelled by the spirit of exposure and reform. Just as America learned to play a role in this half century as an autonomous international political, economic, and military power, so did its literature establish itself as a producer of major works.


31.  The main idea of this passage is …

(A)  that the new American literature was less provincial than the old

(B)  that World War I caused a dramatic change in America

(C)  that centers of culture shifted from East to West

(D)  that most people were wary of the new literature


32.  It can be inferred from lines 1-3 that the previous passage probably discussed …

(A)  the Importance of tradition to writers

(B)  new developments in industrialization and population shifts

(C)  the fashions and values of 19th century America

(D)  the limitations of American literature to this time


33.  The word “evolved” is closest in meaning to…

(A)  became famous

(B)  turned back

(C)  diminished

(D)  changed


34.  The word “it” refers to…

(A)  the population

(B)  the energy

(C)  American literature

(D)  the manufacturing


35.  The word “exotic” is closest in meaning to…

(A)  urban

(B)  unusual

(C)  well-known

(D)  old-fashioned


36.  The author uses the word “indeed” for what purpose?

(A)  to emphasize the contrast he is making

(B)  for variety in a lengthy paragraph

(C)  to wind down his argument

(D)  to show a favorable attitude to these forms of literature


37.  The phrase “these years” in line 17 refers to …

(A)  1850-1900

(B)  the 1900s

(C)  the early 1800s

(D)  the present


38.  It can be inferred from the passage that Walt Whitman…

(A)  disliked urban life

(B)  was disapproving of the new literature

(C)  wrote Leaves of Grass

(D)  was an international diplomat


39.  All of the following can be inferred from the passage about the new literature except…

(A)  it was not highly regarded Internationally

(B)  it introduced new american themes, characters, and settings

(C)  it broke with many literary traditions of the past

(D)  it spoke to the issue of reform and change


40.  This passage would probably be read in which of the following academic courses?

(A)  European history

(B)  American literature

(C)  Current events

(D)  International affairs

Untuk lebih siap menghadapi tes PPPK ataupun CPNS Anda bisa mempersiapkannya dari sekarang dengan mempelajari buku yang sangat menunjang untuk kelulusan Tes CAT PPPK, dapatkan sekarang dengan mengklik gambar dibawah ini:

Buku Persiapan Tes CPNS dan PPPK


Reading Comprehension Passage 6


    Scientists do not yet thoroughly understand just how the body of an individual becomes sensitive to a substance that is harmless or even wholesome for the average person. Milk, wheat, and egg, for example. Line rank among the most healthful and widely used foods. Yet these foods can cause persons sensitive to them to suffer greatly. At first, the body of the individual is not harmed by coming into contact with the substance. After a varying interval of time, usually longer than a few weeks, the body becomes sensitive to it, and an allergy has begun to develop. Sometimes it’s hard to figure out if you have a food allergy since it can show up so many different ways.

    Your symptoms could be caused by many other problems. You may have rashes, hives, joint pains mimicking arthritis, headaches, irritability, or depression. The most common food allergies are to milk, eggs, seafood, wheat, nuts, seeds, chocolate, oranges, and tomatoes. Many of these allergies will not develop if these foods are not fed to an infant until her or his intestines mature at around seven months.

    Breast milk also tends to be protective. Migraines can be set off by foods containing tyramine, phenethylamine, monosodium glutamate, or sodium nitrate. Common foods which contain these are chocolate, aged cheeses, sour cream, red wine, pickled herring, chicken livers, avocados, ripe bananas, cured meats, many Oriental and prepared foods (read the labels!). Some people have been successful in treating their migraines with supplements of B-vitamins, particularly B6 and niacin.

    Children who are hyperactive may benefit from eliminating food additives, especially colorings, and foods high in salicylates from their diets. A few of these are almonds, green peppers, peaches, tea, grapes. This is the diet made popular by Benjamin Feingold, who has written the book Why your Child is 30 Hyperactive. Other researchers have had mixed results when testing whether the diet is effective.


41.  The topic of this passage is…

(A)  reactions to foods

(B)  food and nutrition

(C)  infants and allergies

(D)  a good diet


42.  According to the passage, the difficulty in diagnosing allergies to foods is due to …

(A)  the vast number of different foods we eat

(B)  lack of a proper treatment plan

(C)  the similarity of symptoms of the allergy to other problems

(D)  the use of prepared formula to feed babies


43.  The word “symptoms” in line 8 is closest in meaning to …

(A)  indications

(B)  diet

(C)  diagnosis

(D)  prescriptions


44.  The phrase “set off” is closest the meaning …

(A)  relieved

(B)  identified

(C)  avoided

(D)  triggered


45.  What can be inferred about babies from this passage?

(A)  They can eat almost anything.

(B)  They should have a carefully restricted diet as infants.

(C)  They gain little benefit from being breast fed.

(D)  They may become hyperactive if fed solid food too early.


46.  The word “hyperactive” is closest in meaning to …

(A)  overly active

(B)  unusually low activity

(C)  excited

(D)  inquisitive


47.  The author states that the reason that infants need to avoid certain foods related to allergies has to do with the infants…

(A)  lack of teeth

(B)  poor metabolism

(C)  underdeveloped intestinal tract

(D)  inability to swallow solid foods



Reading Comprehension Passage 7


    A curfew is a specific type of law instituted by those In power. It is one that requires citizens to be off the streets and out of public places at specified hours.

    There are active curfew laws in some communities in the United States today; these laws are currently functioning. The existing curfew laws generally refer to minors. These laws usually indicate the hour when the children must be off the streets and out of public unless they are with their parents.

    Curfew laws have a long tradition. William of Normandy introduced the custom to the British Isles after his invasion there in 1066. At curfew time, a bell was rung. The pealing of the bell indicated that citizens should extinguish any burning fires and clear the streets for the night. The word curfew actually developed at this time from the Norman French expression couvre-feu or cover the fire.


48.  The word “minors” in paragraph 2 could be best replaced by …

(A)  children

(B)  communities

(C)  public

(D)  citizens


49.  Look at the word “pealing” in paragraph 3. This word is closest in meaning to which of the following?

(A)  ringing

(B)  uncovering

(C)  breaking

(D)  burning


50.  Citizens should extinguish any burning fires, (paragraph 3). Word extinguish is closest in meaning to…

(A)  put in

(B)  put on

(C)  put off

(D)  put out


Untuk lebih siap menghadapi tes PPPK ataupun CPNS Anda bisa mempersiapkannya dari sekarang dengan mempelajari buku yang sangat menunjang untuk kelulusan Tes CAT PPPK, dapatkan sekarang dengan mengklik gambar dibawah ini:

Buku Persiapan Tes CPNS dan PPPK

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