2020-10-03

MATERI BAHASA INGGRIS SMP/Mts KELAS 9 KURIKULUM 2013 – THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

Penjelasan Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 9 – Present Continuous Tense 

I. Present Continuous Tense

The present continuous tense is used to describes actions or events that are happening now or in the present.

Pengertian Present Continuous Tense

Present continuous tense adalah tenses yang digunakan untuk membicarakan kejadian atau tindakan yang terjadi saat ini. Lihat contoh kalimat di bawah ini:

I am washing the dishes. Saya sedang mencuci piring.

MATERI BAHASA INGGRIS SMP/Mts KELAS 9 KURIKULUM 2013 – THE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Dari kalimat diatas dijelaskan bahwasannya dia sedang mencuci piring pada saat ini dan belum berakhir. Jika masih belum jelas perhatikan kalimat berikut ini:

Some of my classmates are staying over at my house. Beberapa teman kelas saya menginap di rumah saya.

Jadi saat ini teman-temannya sedang menginap di rumahnya dan masih menginap dan belum berakhir ketika dia berbicara atau bahkan akan berlanjut sampai nanti.

Sudahkah paham???

Jika belum memahaminya kita lihat contoh-contoh kalimat present continuous lainnya sebelum masuk ke “Rumus Present Continuous Tense”, karena disini kita harus memahami dulu fungsi tenses ini.

I am learning how to ride a bicycle. Saya sedang belajar bagaimana mengendarai sepedah.

I am eating my lunch. Saya sedang memakan makan siang saya.

I am watching television. Saya sedang menonton TV.

She is reading a book. Dia sedang membaca buku.

Mom is baking a cake. Ibu sedang memagang kue.

My sister is listening to music. Saudari saya sedang mendengarkan music.

Uncle Joe is cleaning his car. Paman Joe sedang membersihkan mobilnya.

The dog is barking in the garden. Anjing itu sedang menggonggong di taman.

We are singing our favourite song. Kami sedang bernyanyi lagu favorit kami.

My brother and I are playing badminton. Saudara saya dan saya sedang bermain badminton.

Lihatlah semua kalimat diatas menunjukan kegiatan atau kejadiannya sedang berlangsung pada saat kita bicara dan belum selesai.

Apakah kalian sudah faham maksud penggunaan tenses ini?

Jika sudah memahami pola kalimat diatas pastinya kita akan mudah mempelajari struktur atau rumus dari present continuous tense. Kita bahas Yuk.

Rumus Present Continuous Tense

Perhatikan kalimat-kalimat diatas, jika kita ngeuh dengan kalimat di atas pembentuk kalimatnya menggunakan To Be (is, am, dan are) kemudian diikuti dengan kata kerja (verb) yang di berikan akhiran ‘–ing’. Seperti biasa di dalam tenses pastinya ada tiga jenis kalimat dan memiliki struktur yang berbeda diantaranya adalah positive form, negative form, dan question form atau yang kita kenal dengan kalimat interogative. Dibawah ini adalah rumus dari tenses ini:

Tetapi sebelum ke rumusnya pasti sudah tahu kan To Be is, am, dan are dipakai untuk subjek apa saja? Jika lupa jangan khawatir kami beritahu pasangannya.

are → you, we, they atau plural subject (subjek yang lebih dari satu orang)

e.g.

You are . . .

They are . . .

We are . . .

My brother and I are . . .

My Mom and Dad are . . .

is→ he, she, it atau singular subject (subjek yang terdiri satu orang)

He is . . .

She is . . .

It is . . .

The cat is . . .

Uncle Joe is . . .

My Mom is . . .

Mom is . . .

Jono is . . .

am→I

I am disingkat I’m . . .

Latih terlebih dahulu skuy penggunaan To Be nya dibawah ini. Kalau sudah paham bisa di skip langsung scroll ke bawah.

Oke jika sudah paham penggunaan To Be nya mari kita masuk ke Rumusnya.

Positive Form Present Continuous Tense

Subject + To Be (is, am, are) + V-ing + Compelement

SubjectTo Be (am, is, are)verb + ing
Iam



washing
She
He
It

is
We
You
They
are

Negative Form Present Continuous Tense

Subject + To Be (is, am, are) + V-ing + Complement

SubjectTo Be (am, is, are) + notverb + ing
Iam not ('m not)



washing
She
He
It

is not (isn't)
We
You
They

are not (aren't)

Interrogative Form Present Continuous Tense

To Be (is, am, are) + V-ing + Complement + ?

To Be (am, is, are) + notSubjectverb + ing
AmI



washing

Is
she
he
it

Are
you
we
they

Untuk menjawab bentuk pertanyaan tersebut kita bisa menggunakan short answer seperti dibawah ini.

'Yes' answer

Yes + Subject + To Be (is, am, are)







Yes
SubjectTo Be (is, am, are)
Iam
she
he
it

is
you
we
they

are

'No' answer






Yes
SubjectTo Be (is, am, are) + not
Iam not ('m not)
she
he
it

is not (isn't)
you
we
they

are not (aren't)

Catatan Penting:

Jangan pernah menggunakan verbs berikut untuk present continuous tense : like, love, hate, know, understand, forget, dan agree. Kata-kata tersebut bukan merupakan action verbs, jadi gunakan kata tersebut dalam kalimat simple present tense.

Contoh Soal Present Continuous Tense

Write the Following Sentences with the verbs in the present continuous tense.

Contoh

Ghania and I are (discuss) discussing our project.

1.     I (wait) ________________ for a call form my roommate.

2.     Ghania and Aisyah (decorate) ________________ the room for the party.

3.     She (run) ________________ fast.

4.     They (sleep) ________________  in the tent.

5.     Some tourist (sunbath) ________________  on the beach.

6.     Ali is in the kitchen. He (have) ________________  dinner.

7.     Mang Ujang (fish) ________________

8.     I (call) ________________  him now.

9.     My little sister (learning) ________________ to play guitar now.

10.       The girl (read) ________________  a book.

Key Answer

1.     I’m waiting

2.     are decorating

3.     is running

4.     are sleeping

5.     are sunbathing

6.     is having

7.     is fishing

8.     I’m calling

9.     is learning

10.       is reading

 

Complete the questions and answer. Add am, is, are to the questions and am, is, are, or ‘m not, isn’t, aren’t to the short answer.

Contoh:

Is it raining outside? Yes, it is.

Are the students doing an experiment in the laboratory? No, they aren’t.

 

1.     ________________ you watching TV right now? Yes, I ________________

2.     ________________ he working on his home work? No, he ________________

3.     ________________ your parents attending the meeting? Yes, they ________________

4.     ________________ the students mopping the floor? Yes, they ________________

5.     ________________ she looking at us? No, she ________________

6.     ________________ they cleaning the swimming pool? No, they ________________

7.     ________________ I sitting in your seat? No, you ________________

8.     ________________ the children taking a bath? Yes, they ________________

9.     ________________ we waiting for someone? No, we ________________

10.       ________________ you listening to me? Yes, I ________________

Key Answer

1.     Are – I’m

2.     Is – isn’t

3.     Are – aren’t

4.     Are – are

5.     Is – isn’t

6.     Are – aren’t

7.     Am – aren’t

8.     Are – are

9.     Are – aren’t

10.       Are – am

 

Write the sentences into the negative forms.

Contohnya:

They are leaving the school.

They aren’t leaving the school

 

1.     He’s talking to a stranger.

________________

2.     We’re cleaning the garage now.

________________

3.     They’re drinking coffee.

________________

4.     She’s washing her sneakers.

________________

5.     I’m lying on my bed.

________________


Key Answer

1.     He isn’t talking to a stranger.

2.     We aren’t cleaning the garage now.

3.     They aren’t drinking coffee.

4.     She isn’t washing her sneakers.

5.     I’m not lying on my bed.

 

Recent Post

Recent Posts Widget