2019-04-28

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Pengertian, Rumus, Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

Daftar Isi
Pengertian Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Rumus Present Perfect Continuous Tense
       Kalimat Positive
       Kalimat Negative
       Kalimat Interrogative
Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Contoh Artikel Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Latihan Soal dan Jawaban Present Perfect Continuous Tense


Salah satu dari 16 tenses yang akan kita bahas kali ini adalah present perfect continuous tense, tense ini merupakan pengembangan dari present tense. Mari kita bahas satu persatu mengenai present perfect continuous tense ini.

A. Pengertian Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous tense adalah suatu bentuk tenses yang digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan atau event yang telah dimulai di masa lalu dan terus berlanjut sampai sekarang.

Aksi pada present perfect continuous tense biasanya berdurasi waktu tertentu dan ada hubungannya dengan kondisi sekarang.

B. Rumus Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Kalimat Positive

S + have/has + been + Verb-ing
Contoh kalimat positive present perfect continuous tense
usborne.com
Contoh kalimat:
I have been using the Internet since 9 a.m.
(Saya telah menggunakan Internet sejak pukul 9 pagi)

Kalimat Negative

S + have/has + not + been + Verb-ing
medium.com
Contoh kalimat:
You have not been listening.
(Kamu tidak mendengarkanku.)

Kalimat Interrogative

Have/Has + S + been + Verb-ing?

Rumus Kalimat Tanya/Interrogative Present Perfect Continuous Tense
wikihow.com
Contoh kalimat:
How long have you been wearing glasses?
(Sudah berapa lama kamu mengenakan kaca mata?)

C. Fungsi dan Contoh Kalimat Present Perfect Continuous Tense

1. Present perfect continuous tense untuk menunjukkan aksi yang telah selesai pada suatu titik di masa lampau diikuti relevansinya dengan kondisi saat ini (present).

Contoh kalimat present perfect continuous tense fungsi 1
The construction labors are thirsty since they have been removing the scaffoldings.
(Pekerja konstruksi haus karena mereka telah memindahkan perancah.)

Mandy feels full as she’s been eating a half of the tart.
(Mandy kenyang karena dia telah  memakan separuh kue tart.)

I have been working with my computer all day, and now I want some delicious foods.
(Saya telah bekerja dengan komputer sepanjang hari, dan sekarang saya ingin beberapa makanan lezat.)

2. Present perfect continuous tense untuk menunjukkan aksi yang baru saja selesai. Biasanya menggunakan adverb just.

Contoh kalimat present perfect continuous tense fungsi 2
It has just been snowing in Japan.
(Baru saja turun salju di Jepang.)

3. Present perfect continuous tense untuk menunjukkan aksi yang telah dimulai di masa lampau dan berlanjut sampai sekarang.

Contoh kalimat present perfect continuous tense fungsi 3
I’ve been driving a car through the rain for an hour.
(Saya telah sedang mengendarai mobil menembus hujan selama satu jam.)

The passengers have been waiting for the next flight since this morning.
(Para penumpang telah menunggu penerbangan berikutnya sejak pagi ini.)

F. Contoh Artikel Dengan Kalimat Present Perfect Continuous Tense

In the last 30 years, genealogy has become one of America’s most popular hobbies.

Artikel dengan kalimat present perfect continuous tense
If you type genealogy in a search engine, you can find about 90 million hits. If you type family history, you will get about 50 million hits. The percentage of the U.S. population interested in family
history has been increasing steadily. This increase probably has to do with the ease of searching on the Internet.

The number of genealogy Websites has been growing accordingly as people ask themselves: Where does my family come from? How long has my family been in the U.S.? Why did they come here How did they come here? What kind of people were they? 

Genealogy is a lifelong hobby for many. The average family historian has been doing genealogy for 14 years, according to a 2001 study. Most family historians are over 40. Cyndi Howells, from Washington State, quit her job in 1992 and has been working on her family history ever since. She has created a Web site called Cyndi’s List to help others with their search. Her Web site has over 260,000 resources. Since its start in 1992, her Web site has had millions of visitors. Every day it gets about 15,000 visitors. Over the years, she has added many new links and deleted old ones.

Although the Internet has made research easier for amateur genealogists, it is only the beginning for serious family historians. Researchers still need to go to courthouses and libraries to find public records, such as land deeds,4 obituaries,5 wedding notices, and tax records. Another good source of information is the U.S. Census. Early census records are not complete, but since the mid-1800s, the U.S. Census has been keeping detailed records of family members, their ages, occupations, and places of birth.

Are you interested in knowing more about your ancestors and their stories, their country or countries, and how you fit into the history of your family? Maybe genealogy is a good hobby for you.

E. Latihan Soal dan Jawaban Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Contoh:
How long ________ Cyndi ________________ a genealogy Web site? (manage)

How long has Cyndi been managing a genealogy Web site?

1. Interest in genealogy ________________ . (grow)

2. Cyndi ________________ on her family history since 1992. (work)

3. Cyndi ________________ all over the U.S. to genealogy groups. (lecture)

4. The number of genealogy Web sites ________________ . (increase)

5. How long ________________ the U.S. Census ________________ records? (keep)

6. ________________ you ________________ on a family tree for your family? (work)

7. People ________________ the Internet to do family research  since the 1990s. (use)

8. My family ________________ in the U.S. for many generations. (not/live)

Jawaban :

1. Interest in genealogy has been growing.

2. Cyndi has been working on her family history since 1992.

3. Cyndi has been lecturing all over the U.S. to genealogy groups. (lecture)

4. The number of genealogy Web sites has been increasing.

5. How long has the U.S. Census been keeping records?

6. have you been working on a family tree for your family?

7. People have been using the Internet to do family research  since the 1990s.

8. My family have not been living in the U.S. for many generations.


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