2020-05-09

Expressions Telling Time, Days and Month With Example and Exercise | Memberi Tahu Waktu, Hari dan Bulan dengan Contoh Soal dan Jawaban





Expression Telling Time, Days and Month With Example and Exercise | Memberi Tahu Waktu, Hari dan Bulan Dengan Contoh dan Latihan Dengan Jawabannya





Learning Objectives

  • Be able to ask the time.
  • Be able to tell time.
  • Be able to ask days.
  • Be able to tell days.
  • Be able to ask dates.
  • Be able to tell dates.
  • Be able to ask months.
  • Be able to tell months.
A. Grammar: Telling Time, Days, Month and Date

1. Days of the week.

The table below shows the days of the week in English together with their common abbreviations.

Category
Days of the Week
Abbreviation
Weekdays
(5 days)
Monday
Mon.
Tuesday
Tue./Tues.
Wednesday
Wed./Weds.
Thursday
Thur./Thurs.
Friday
Fri.
Weekend
(2 days)
Saturday
Sat.
Sunday
Sun.

2. Months of the year

  1. January
  2. February
  3. March
  4. April
  5. May
  6. June
  7. July
  8. August
  9. September
  10. October
  11. December

3. Asking for date

Examples:

  • What's the date today?
  • What's today's date?

4. Telling date

Examples:

  • 19 January (the nineteenth of January).
  • Wednesday, 19 January (Wednesday, the nineteenth of January).
  • On 2 May (on the second of May).

5. Telling the year

a. From 2000 onwards, years are pronounced like ordinary cardinal numbers.
Examples:

  • 2000 = two thousand
  • 2003 = two thousand and three
b. Earlier years are pronounced differently. The first two digits are a number and the last two digits are a number. However, they can be joined by a hundred if the last two figures are 00 through 09.
Examples:

  • 1999 = nineteen ninety-nine
  • 1806 = eighteen hundred and six

6. Telling time

There are two common ways of telling the time.
a. Informal but easier.
Say the hours first and then the minutes.
Examples

  • 06.45 = six forty-five
  • 10.06 = ten oh six
b. Say the minutes first and then the hours. Use "past" and the preceding hour for minutes 01 through 30. Use "to" and the forthcoming hour for minutes 31 through 59.
Examples:

  • 7.15 = fifteen minutes past seven.
  • 7.45 = fifteen minutes to eight.
Another possibility of saying '15 minutes past' is a quarter past.
Another possibility of saying '15 minutes to' is a quarter to.
Another possibility of saying '30 minutes past' is half-past.
Example:

  • 05.30 = half past five
Look at the diagram
Expressions Telling Time, Days and Month With Example and Exercise | Memberi Tahu Waktu, Hari dan Bulan dengan Contoh Soal dan Jawaban





c. Use O'clock only to refer to the exact hour.
Examples:

  • 08.00 = eight o'clock
  • 11.00 = eleven o'clock

B. Grammar: Preposition of Time (at, in, on)

"At" is used for showing a precise time.
"In" is used for showing months, years, centuries, and long periods.
"On" is used for showing days and dates.


at
in
On
precise
Months, years, centuries and long periods
Days and date
at 2pm
in February
on Sunday
at 2 o’clock
in 1999
on Saturday
at breakfast time
in the next century
on 9 August 2020
at the moment
in winter
on Ied Mubarak Day


Cardinal Numbers

1 = one
2 = two
3 = three
4 = four
5 = five
6 = six
7 = seven
8 = eight
9 = nine
10 = ten
11 = eleven
12 = twelve
13 = thirteen
14 = fourteen
15 = fifteen
16 = sixteen
17 = seventeen
18 = eighteen
19 = nineteen
20 = twenty
21 = twenty one
22 = twenty two
30 = thirty
31 = thirty one
40 = fourty
50 = fifty
60 = sixty
and so on





Ordinal Numbers

1st = first
2nd = second
3rd = third
4th = fourth
5th = fifth
6th = sixth
7th = seventh
8th = eight
9th = ninth
10th = tenth
11th = eleventh
12th = twelfth
13th = thirteenth
14th = fourteenth
15th = fifteenth
16th = sixteenth
17th = seventeenth
18th = eighteenth
19th = nineteenth
20th = twentieth
21st = twenty-first
22nd = twenty second
30th = thirtieth
40th = fortieth
43rd = forty-third
and so on

Contoh Soal Expressions Telling Time, Days and Month

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